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Interview #6 Charles-Didier Gondola
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : " Tropical Cowboys : Youth, Popular Culture and Masculinity in Colonial Kinshasa " In the 1950s, a certain idea of the (American) "West" swept across Kinshasa’s African townships like wild fire. It influenced youth socialization, the construction of masculinities, the emergence of popular cultures, and even political developments in Congo. During the tumultuous decade of Congo’s decolonization, several bands of youth, which called themselves Bills (as in Buffalo Bill, their eponymous hero), formed in most townships in Kinshasa, especially in the far-flung fringes of the sprawling capital. They had one thing in common, their fascination with the cowboy movie genre, which had become the main staples in makeshift movie parlors across Kinshasa’s townships. Classic scenes of Indian attacks, turf battles among frontiersmen, ribald repartees, bawdy jokes, rambunctious female characters who nonetheless fall prey to lewd men, stories of betrayal and bravados, villains and heroes battling it out in the lawless frontier; those were some of the scenes that brewed indiscipline in the minds of those young viewers and prompted them to reenact in the tropics the hustle and bustle of the American West. One of my main objectives with this project is to demonstrate that the study of popular cultures can illuminate how systemic social changes take place, how mass cultures are invested with a political capital, and how they can ultimately be co-opted by the state to help maintain the political and social status quo. My project is also rooted on the theoretical assumptions that masculinity is a social, normative, and multifarious construct that has enabled societies to create and police the boundaries between different gendered and generational spaces.
Interview #5 Brian Langille
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Is Labour Law Possible?" "Labour law is made possible by, and depends upon, a self-constituting narrative which describes its empirical domain, identifies its conceptual building blocks, and provides a normative account of its significance. Labour Law’s long dominant narrative is well known to be under siege. Many scholars have documented the demise of its empirical/conceptual underpinnings - the decline of the standard model of employment, and so on. But few have identified, let alone taken on, the other task at hand - that of understanding the traditional accounts normative structure and wondering whether a new normative account exists or can be called into being. This research project exposes and explores this normative vein. It draws on the work of Amartya Sen, and his account of the concept of "human freedom" as a source of inspiration. The aim is to identify and explicate labour law’s already implicit new account of itself. This entails, among other things, a reconsideration of whether labour law can be "visited" upon the world, particularly the "developing world" by, for example, the ILO." Biographical elements: Brian Langille is Professor of Law in the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto. Professor Langille also holds appointments in the Centre for International Relations and the Centre for Industrial Relations, and is a Fellow of the Centre for Ethics, all at the University of Toronto. A former Associate Dean of Graduate Studies as well as Interim and Acting Dean of the Law Faculty, Professor Langille has also served as a Governor of University of Toronto. Professor Langille studied philosophy at Acadia University and law at Dalhousie and Oxford Universities. Prior to his appointment at Toronto he was a Professor at Dalhousie Law School. Recently he has been a Visiting Fellow at the International Institute for Labour Studies (ILO, Geneva), the Graduate Institute for International Studies of the University of Geneva, the European University Institute in Florence, the Centre for Transnational Legal Studies in London, Dalhousie Law School in Halifax, and at the Law Faculty of the Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona.
Interview #4 Bin Li
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "The contribution of Chinese law to the synergy between human rights and trade law in the context of the internationalization of law: research under the protection of property rights" The enactment of the Property Act 2007 is an important event in the construction of the Chinese legal system. The acceptance of international legal instruments to guarantee foreign investments, and to protect intellectual property rights is prior to the formation of internal law on ownership. The development of the implementation of constitutional and statutory guaranties through the integration of international economic standards, but also human rights standards, would lead to dismantling the compartmentalization between trade and human rights. Starting from a spirit of synergy between trade law and law of human rights, and between domestic law and international law, the research aims to explore the dynamics of law and the contribution of Chinese law in this process of harmonization of law which is based on shared values.
Interview #3 Ana-Maria Zahariade
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Tribute to Vitruvius: Inquiry on the Aesthetic Heritage in the Theory of Architecture" "The project has taken shape from two directions. On the one hand, it is related to a larger research on the beautiful ("the aesthetic layer") in the theory of architecture, for which De Architectura Libri Decem represents an unavoidable reference point. On the other hand, this later study acquired a relative autonomy of its own. The more I studied the treatises of architecture, the more consuming became the idea that Vitruvius’ books were misread or misinterpreted to a large extent. Vitruvius ideas concerning the architectural beauty seem to be richer and more flexible than it is usually thought. After many re-readings of the text, the "tribute" I would pay to Vitruvius is an attempt to "see through his eyes" and provide a new interpretation of his books. My approach is particularly focused on the ambiguities of the text and on the many aspects that the succeeding treatises eluded (for reasons to be analyzed from various points of view). Thus, the two researches would permeate each other fruitfully."
Interview #2 Alonso Barros
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : “Hidden properties: people, death and legal masks in South America” “Albert Camus famously stated that “property is death”: I wish to explore and write about the accountabilities of death in terms of property, as produced by legally codified French and Chilean governments during the 19th Century, in the context of different South American wars and post-war contentions, reparations and compensations, as undertaken on behalf of French and other European nationals. I seek to understand and explain the working chromatography of inequality in Latin America as displayed in the discourses on property, especially when they refer to processes of (post)colonial racializations - still effectively displayed through national media in all of the countries involved, to the extremity of war. This links to present times of international boundary strife and shared xenophobia in the southern cone.”
Interview #1 Ahmed ben Naoum
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "The imaginary institution of society in North-West Africa: the voices of women and about women at the heart of establishing symbolic systems." The construction of the objects for this research concerns one of the major issues of the institution of Islamic societies since the Middle Ages to Present Times: "at the heart of societies" (M. Sahlins), is not the status of woman or women but of symbolic systems which found, justify and establish the relationships between women and men. Societies structured in and through difference, domination and inequality, own their very existence and reproduction to power and strength (P. Clastres and L. Marino), but also to resistance, circumvention, shunning and reversal of the power and strength against their source. Narratives (myths, stories, epic poems and hagiographic tales) that are the raw material for analysis, can be worked to identify formal logic or internal consistency. This work will be done only as a step toward the proper socio-anthropological analysis. The latter - whose source is the life of the researcher and "immersion" in the social groups who receive him periodically, but irregularly and for at least three decades - is developed in the constant concern to link the lively speech of women and men about their reciprocal relations. It was then that the unsuspected importance of the relation to the body itself and to kinesics, to the appropriation of space and to the trial of domestic and societal territorialization. The assumed inaudible voice of women is, on the contrary, deafening: structuring space and time, the reproduction of society, as well as rituals and economic and politic rhythms, it orders the differences and inequalities and maintains a constant symbolic tension between, on one hand, the powers exercised on women and subjecting them and secondly the forces of opposition of the women reducing domination or making it implode. My work is both a critique of theories of unilateral domination of women by men and a construction of new questions based on the analysis of original oral ‘texts’ of women and on women.
Rencontres scientifiques 2016-2017
Document | Publications
Découvrez l'ensemble des activités scientifiques de l'IEA pour l'année 2016-2017
Annuaire des résidents 2017-2018
Document | Publications
Retrouvez l'ensemble des résidents de la promotion 2017-2018.
" Escale Nantaise " by Sara keller
Vidéo | Other
Historienne et archéologue du bâti formée en France et en Allemagne, Sara Keller a mené des recherches pluridisciplinaires portant sur les monuments et les structures urbaines historiques en tant que source d’information pour l’étude des contextes socio-culturels pluriels. Au cours de son séjour de recherche à L’Institut, Sara Keller est partie à la découverte de la ville de Nantes qu’elle a explorée pinceaux à la main. Aujourd’hui, c’est donc en tant qu’artiste qu’elle expose ses aquarelles au Passage Sainte-Croix à Nantes du samedi 7 octobre au samedi 21 octobre sous le titre Escale Nantaise, dans le cadre d’un nouveau partenariat entre le Passage et l’Institut d’études avancées : « Escale Nantaise présente le carnet exploratoire d’un chercheur en sciences humaines et sociales de passage à Nantes. Pour quoi chercher ? Pourquoi à Nantes ? L’exposition « Escale Nantaise » vous invite à découvrir en image le récit de Sara Keller et à (re)visiter l’histoire de Nantes à travers ses aquarelles qui posent un regard tendre et léger sur l’esprit ouvert et bouillonnant de la ville. Pour cette seconde édition, l’exposition est enrichie d’un master objet, « La Châsse à Nantes », écho d’une réflexion sur l’identité nantaise. L’installation, haute en couleurs et en lumière, donne la voix au public. »
Interview #103 Gabriel Said Reynolds
Vidéo | Interviews
Project research : "God of Vengeance and Mercy: On the Qurʾan’s Theology in Relation to Jewish and Christian Tradition" Much has been made of the rhetoric of the Qurʾan on divine retribution. In a number of different chapters (“Suras”), including especially 7, 11, and 26, the Qurʾan relates a series of accounts which involve God’s destruction of a people who refuse to listen to the prophets sent to them. The Qurʾan in places emphasizes the vengeful nature of God, calling him “the possessor of retribution” (dhū al-intiqām) and “quick to judge” (sarīʿ al-ḥisāb). At the same time the Qurʾan also insists that God is merciful and compassionate (al-raḥmān al-raḥīm) and reports that his "mercy encompasses all things" (7:156). In this project, Gabriel Said Reynolds will investigate the juxtaposition of mercy and vengefulness in the Qurʾan in the light of pre-Qurʾanic Jewish and (especially) Christian literature. He will illustrate how this juxtaposition is not unique to the Qurʾan; indeed in Exodus (34:6-7) God is “slow to anger” and yet lets “nothing go unchecked.” Similarly, the Syriac fathers emphasize the mercy of God manifested in the sacrificial act of the crucifixion even as they insist that God will punish those who reject Christ. In his project he will examine the Biblical subtext of the Qurʾan which might allow academic scholars today to see the juxtaposition of mercy and vengeance as part of a longer debate which joins together different religious traditions. Biography Gabriel Said REYNOLDS researches the Qur’ān and Muslim/Christian relations and is Professor of Islamic Studies and Theology in the Department of Theology at Notre Dame, USA. At Notre Dame he teaches courses on theology, Christian-Muslim Relations, and Islamic Origins. He is the author of The Qur’ān and Its Biblical Subtext (Routledge 2010) and The Emergence of Islam (Fortress, 2012), the translator of ʿAbd al-Jabbar’s Critique of Christian Origins (BYU 2008), and editor of The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context (Routledge 2008) and New Perspectives on the Qur’ān: The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context 2 (Routledge 2011). In 2012-13 Prof. Reynolds directed, along with Mehdi Azaiez, “The Qurʾān Seminar,” a year-long collaborative project dedicated to encouraging dialogue among scholars of the Qurʾān. He is currently Chair of the Executive Board of the International Qurʾanic Studies Association (IQSA) and completing a book (Yale Univ. Press) on the Qurʾan in the light of Biblical tradition.