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Conference #185 by Etienne François and John Tolan, Tuesday March, 27, 73mn
Vidéo | Lectures
Depuis dix ans, la question de l’identité est au cœur du débat intellectuel français. L’idéal européen de l’après-guerre est à bout de souffle (montée des populismes, Brexit, etc.). Échappant à la vision d’une Europe réduite aux institutions de Bruxelles pour s’inscrire dans la longue durée, Europa raconte vingt-cinq siècles d’histoire : la nôtre. Sous la plume de 109 historiens et intellectuels du monde entier. Pas celle de l’Union, mais l’Europe pluriséculaire : à travers ses mémoires brûlantes du xxe siècle, mais aussi celle d’Homère, d’Athènes, de Rome et de Jérusalem, celle de la Raison et des Lumières, des révolutions et de la colonisation, de Léonard et de Napoléon, de la terre et des paysans, de la lutte des classes et de la grève, de l’État providence et du capitalisme, du vin et de la bière. Raconter l’Europe à travers son imaginaire, ses utopies, ses démons, ses trous noirs, tout ce qui, dans le passé, irrigue le présent et constitue la mémoire : l’histoire telle qu’elle a été vécue par les peuples. L’ampleur du propos, la somme d’intelligences mobilisées font de ce livre un événement intellectuel. En dépassant le cadre de notre seul pays pour se placer à l’échelle de toute l’Europe, ce livre répond aux questions que chacun se pose : qui sommes-nous ? D’où venons-nous ? Où allons-nous ?
Video presentation of Nantes IAS
Vidéo | Other
Interview #112 by Site Li
Vidéo | Interviews
Project research :"The Impact of New Technologies and Capital on the Chinese Music Industry" WIPO set “Get up, stand up. For music” as the theme of World IP Day on April 26, 2015, which has been perplexing people all over the world who enjoy, create, record and distribute music. This research will explore the impact of new technologies such as those applied in the recording and access of music and capital on the music industry in China in order to truly understand the relationship between property ownership and technology and capital. Site LI’s hypothesis is that it is the unique Chinese ownership system and the country’s political institutions that play significant roles in this process through manipulation of laws and other political/economic/cultural regulations in regard to new technologies and capital. The music industry has suffered most and has had to change drastically. Ideally, this research will be deepened using cases from other countries. Biography Site Li obtained a Master’s Degree from Sun Yat-Sen University in 2005 and a Doctoral degree in legal theory at Peking University in 2009. Since 2009, he has worked at South China Normal University and was promoted to associate professor in 2015. He has taught several courses including jurisprudence, law and politics, sociology of law, and Chinese legal culture. His research interests are jurisprudence and the sociology of law and his recent research focuses on the interplay between intellectual property law and culture industry. In addition, he is interested in interdisciplinary research on law and culture and has published several articles in various Chinese academic journals. He is also the principal investigator of the project entitled “Copyright Problems about Music”.
Interview #104 by Sitharamam Kakarala
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project: "Dialogue with Justice Alam" His research interests are focused on socio-legal and political theory, law and culture, human rights law, comparative law and comparative constitutionalism. Understanding postcolonial constitutionalism, especially the developments related to the languages of human rights in the global South, contemporary social and legal theory, and comparative studies. He also has long term interest in the ideas of law and rights and the trajectories of their circulation and transformation, especially in, but not confined to, India. Biography Sitharamam Kakarala teaches Law and Justice in a Globalizing World and Comparative Public Law/Systems of Governance. He joined Azim Premji University from Glocal University, Uttar Pradesh where he was the Vice Chancellor. Prior to that, he was briefly a Visiting Professor in Bengaluru and for much longer periods a Professor at the Centre for Culture and Society and at the National Law School of India, Bangalore.
Interview #117 by Justice Aftab Alam
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "(In)justice in Urdu Poetry: between Ghalib and Faiz" The research proposes to examine the sense of (in)justice in Ghalib’s works, his Urdu poetry and letters, and then to compare it with the ideal of justice in the work of Faiz Ahmad Faiz. Ghalib (1797-1869) is recognized as one of the greatest Urdu poets. Faiz (1911-1984), who came over a hundred years after Ghalib, is equally recognized as another great poet of Urdu. Both Ghalib and Faiz lived in times that were turning points in the history of the sub-continent, though in very different ways. Ghalib lived at a time when British colonial power, following its suppression of the revolt of 1857, finally took over Delhi and snuffed out the last symbol of the Mughal rule, such that the social and juridical order around the Last Mughal also collapsed. It was in this context, of the fall of the ancien regime, that Ghalib wrote his poetry. Alive to the social tensions of the time, Ghalib, in one of his couplets said: "Faith pulls me back even as I am beckoned by heresy; the K’aaba is behind me and in front of me is the church". Faiz, a century later, watched the imperial/colonial power exiting India. Freedom for the sub-continent, however, brought with it partition, which, in turn, unleashed one of the worst periods of social strife and communal killings in the history of the world. Imbued with a Marxist world-view, Faiz heralded the dawn of the post-colonial order, but also saw the souring of the dream of a just social order. Writing of the morning of independence, Faiz said that it "was night-bitten and showed only patches of brightness/sunshine; it was not the object of their quest". Both the periods of time in which Ghalib and Faiz lived saw deep and far reaching changes that transformed the very basis of their society. It would be both interesting and instructive to examine how these historical changes impacted the idea of justice of those times, and of the two poets individually. The study seeks to identify motifs of law, rights and justice in the poetry of the two men, locate these articulations in the socio-political milieu of their times, and reflect on the larger themes that these motifs suggest. Biography Aftab Alam was born in Patna (India). He enrolled as an Advocate and practiced in the areas of Criminal, Labor and Constitutional Laws at the High Court in Patna. He was designated a Senior Counsel by the Patna High Court at the relatively young age of 36. Six years later, he was appointed a Judge of the Patna High Court. He served as a High Court judge for over seventeen years and as a judge of the Supreme Court of India for about six years. He belongs to that very small band of persons in the Indian Judiciary whose years on the bench far exceed the number of years as a Lawyer. While at the Supreme Court, Justice Alam delivered some notable judgments on criminal sentencing, investigative journalism in pending criminal trials, State subsidy for the Haj pilgrimage, and in the areas of Environmental and Patent Laws, etc. After his retirement from the Supreme Court, he was appointed Chairperson of the Telecom Dispute Settlement Appellate Tribunal, a specialized adjudicating authority for Telecommunication related disputes. Besides Law, Aftab Alam is deeply interested in classical Urdu and Persian Poetry and studies in Sufism. He is due to retire from the Telecom Tribunal in June 2016 and looks forward to spending time on Poetry and other pursuits.
Interview #14 by Luca D’Ambrosio
Vidéo | Interviews
Research Project : «Criminal policy and ‘fight’ against illegal immigration. Lessons of European law from French and Italian experience.» The aim of the research project is to contribute to the debate on the role of European Union law on national criminal policies on irregular immigration. The attribution to the EU of a competence in the field of border control, asylum and immigration and returning of illegal-staying third-country nationals, has echoed in national criminal policies, notably in the form of interactions between normative spaces (national and supranational), different but interfering with each other. Despite the convergence of the rhetoric of "struggle" against the "illegal-enemy ", the relations of EU law with national punitive law highlights, in particular through the interpretative activity of the Court of Justice of the European Union, an ambivalence of EU legal instruments: in addition to being vectors of "warlike anthropology," they appear like vectors of resistance to the drifting of criminal policies at the national level. The research program will test these interactions between different normative spaces through a comparative analysis of the impact of EU law on French and Italian criminal policies in the field of illegal immigration. Éléments biographiques Luca d’Ambrosio, 33, Italian, obtained a Ph.D from the Universities of Naples II and Paris I. After an internship at the Office of the Prosecutor of the UN International Criminal Tribunal of Rwanda and a dissertation on traditional Rwandan Gacaca Tribunals, he was enrolled in a European Ph.D Programme. His thesis on "The ‘communitarization’ of national criminal rules" focused on a critical study of normative and jurisprudential interactions contributing to the construction of criminal policy in Europe demonstrating how these interactions can challenge the fundamental principles in criminal matters. He continued his postdoctoral training at the Chair of Comparative Legal Studies and Internationalization of Law at the College de France since September 2009, where he coordinated the "Franco-American ID-Network." Member of several research groups, national and international, he continues to develop his work in the areas of European and International criminal law, with particular attention to developments of criminal policies on terrorism and illegal immigration.
Lecture #184 IEAoLu by Pierre Lory, March 13st, 2018, 48mn
Vidéo | Lectures
Mystical movements in Islam are not only the domain of a minority of contemplatives cut off from the world: Sufi brotherhoods bring together millions of followers from all over the world. Mysticism represents one of the most important aspects of potentiality in Islamic religious life. This conference will look back at the history of these very diverse movements, their main doctrines and practices and their impact on literature and the arts. The talk will also discuss some of the more striking personalities of this mysticism as well as its role in the modern world.
Interview #122 by Jacques Athanase GILBERT
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Representation and Immersion" The project investigates the relationship between representation and immersion. It aims to show how today’s digital environments recompose and reorganize the possibility of a simulation by imitation (mimèsis) such as it might have been suggested and theorized in the past. It is first necessary to carry out archaeological and genealogical research on imitation in order to place the question in the long-term context of esthetic and poetic theories. However, representation and immersion take place within an entirely different framework as this illusory simulation no longer acts as a simple imitation but as a representation - the reiteration of an initial presence – and as a substitution when an immersive environment is created. It thus becomes apparent that the question is not simply esthetic but that it also concerns the relationship with the world around us. Does the immersive environment produced by digital objects generate over time a “new reality” which supplements or even replaces the immediate reality? Biography Jacques Athanase Gilbert is a Professor of General and Comparative Literature at Nantes University. His background is both literary and philosophical. He defended his thesis on the subject La relique under the guidance of Henri Meschonnic in 1990.This work looks at the special status of relics between presence and representation.In 1995, he joined Nantes University as a lecturer in the faculty of Foreign Languages and Civilizations where he fulfilled an administrative and pedagogical role. He went on to develop his research into questions of presence and representation, more specifically in their esthetic and religious dimensions. His work deals with a long period, from Antiquity to the Classical Age.From the beginning of the 2000s, he took a keen interest in the digital transformation which he immediately saw from a perspective of digital representation and simulation of the world. This led him to consider the issues of immersion which he studies both as technological environment substitution and as a “symbolic form” embodied in cultural anthropology.
Interview #113 by Nükhet SIRMAN
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Creating a Life Alongside the Law" The research proposes to study and produce an ethnography based on fieldwork in Mersin, a coastal city in the south of Turkey where Kurds who have been forcefully displaced from their villages in the 1990s have migrated to. They have been able to build a life for themselves there, a life which is not strictly speaking within the law. Sociological/anthropological studies have called this "the informal sector" and other such names. The researcher, by contrast, aims to question two concepts in this context: what exactly is the law, and what does it mean to be alongside the law; and, secondly, what do we understand from the notion of "a life," what constitutes a life? Biography Nükhet Sirman is a Turkish anthropologist who has worked in the department of sociology at Boğaziçi University since 1989. Having completed her undergraduate and graduate studies at University College, London in 1988, she has worked on peasant farms in cotton production, feminist movements, honor crimes and violence against women, gender construction under nationalist discourses, Kurdish women’s movements and the settlement of internally displaced persons. She has also been a feminist activist working for peace. She has written academic as well as more popular and political articles on these topics, both in English and in Turkish.
Interview #115 Mathias Boukary Savadogo
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Islamic plurality in Côte d’Ivoire: actors and issues" Muslims have been the majority in Côte d’Ivoire for a very long time. But this majority is only numeric because for decades, they have had little influence on Ivorian society from both a sociological and political point of view. Islamic actors have become more and more numerous and have obtained the right to the city. They have gone from a posture of cooperation to one of demands and negotiation with the State. The various political and social crises have reinforced this posture. The typology of Islamic actors present and the issues that motivate them will help to better identify and understand their activities on the ground. Biography Mathias Boukary Savadogo, Ivorian, is Assistant Professor in the Department of History of Félix Houphouët-Boigny University in Cocody-Abidjan, Côte d’ Ivoire. He is a specialist in contemporary Islam and is in charge of History of Religions in Africa. He supervises the students’ research for the various cycles of the Department (Bachelor’s, Master’s and PhD). Under the direction of Professor Jean - Louis Triaud, he defended a thesis in history on the Tijaniyya Hamawiyya in Sahelian and forested areas of West Africa. As well as Muslim Sufi movements, Mathias Boukary Savadogo is interested in the transformations of Islam in Africa. To this end, he founded a research group focused on the Transformations of Islam in Africa (GRETIA).