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Interview #123 Nanlai Cao
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project: Religion, Trade and Locality in a Chinese Diaspora in France China, as a material entity and a cultural and political experience, transcends local, regional and national boundaries. This study examines the business and religious lives of diasporic Wenzhou merchants at a time when China’s likely role in the global market economy is compelling. China’s political economy today is characterised by the continued significance of the state, moral contingencies, and aggressive business outreach. In the last three decades Wenzhou merchants have prospered through skilfully negotiating with the state and through production and trade. Their businesses have spread in China and across the globe. However, the cultural resources they have used to accumulate initial capital and sustained their business networks remain understudied. The research focuses on a group of Wenzhou merchants who have formed large Christian communities at home, along with migrant enclaves in France. It will explore their transnational business practices as well as how they (re)construct moral and native-place identities through the idiom of Christianity. Biography Nanlai Cao is Associate Professor of religious studies at Renmin University of China. After graduating from Beijing University with a degree in sociology, he trained as a sociologist of religion at Fordham University in the USA and then did his PhD in anthropology at the Australian National University. He currently serves as an editorial board member of Sociology of Religion: A Quarterly Review (Oxford UP) and a council member of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion. His areas of research interest include anthropology and sociology of religion, transnational migration and urban ethnography. His recent field research projects explore the complex religious dynamics of globalisation with a focus on transnational religious and trading networks that connect China to the outside world. Nanlai Cao is the author of Constructing China’s Jerusalem: Christians, Power, and Place in Contemporary Wenzhou and co-editor of Religion and Mobility in a Globalizing Asia: New Ethnographic Explorations. His new book project explores the life and faith of recent Chinese immigrants to Europe.
Interview #124 José Emilio Burucua
Vidéo | Interviews
Research Project Two posthumous books by Italo Calvino (Lezioni americane: sei proposte per il prossimo millennio, 1988, Perché leggere i classici, 1991) reassure us about the interest and validity that could be found in an attempt to construct an aesthetic history of six useful ideas for the 21st century, namely: humanity, finitude, beauty, truth, forgiveness and hope. The aim is to situate the development of each idea using aesthetic objects – images produced by painting, photography or cinema, the sounds of music, the sounds and meanings of poetry - within the framework of western cultures, without excluding the possibility of exploring other horizons of civilization, such as Hindustani and African, given the presence of colleagues specialised in these fields at the Institute. For each idea, we have chosen a specific field of aesthetic production (but this is liable to change as the project progresses): images for humanity and truth, poetry for finitude and forgiveness, and music for beauty and hope. Initial goals: to put together exhibitions over a three-year period on three of the six ideas selected and to gather critiques, coincidences or refutations which colleagues have been able to draw from their own fields of study, i.e. sociological theory and practice, anthropology, philosophical systems and old and new branches of historiography. Biography Born in 1946 in Buenos Aires, José Emilio BURUCUA obtained a PhD in History of Arts from Buenos Aires University in 1985. He was full Professor of Modern History In the same institution from 1986 until 2004. From April 2001 to April 2004, he was Director of the Institute of Theory and History of the Arts "Julio E. Payró" (School of Philosophy, Buenos Aires University). From 2004 onwards, he has been full professor of Problems of Cultural History at the National University of San Martín (UNSAM), where he led the Master’s Program of Art History from 2004 to 2008. He has published books and papers on the history of perspective, the historical relationships among images, ideas, techniques and materials of colonial painting in South America. Visiting professor at the universities of Oviedo (Spain) and Cagliari (Italy), Directeur d’Études at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris (1999, 2000, 2005), Winter Visiting Scholar at the Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles, California) in 2006, Gastwissenschaftler at the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz during winter 2007, visiting professor at the Collège de France (2008, 2013), Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin in the academic year 2012-2013 and Fellow at the IAS-Nantes in 2015-2016. He is a member of the National Academy of Fine Arts in Buenos Aires. He is the director of Eadem utraque Europa, a magazine published by the Centre for Cultural and Intellectual History "Edith Stein" at the National University of San Martín (UNSAM). On 8th November 2016 he also became a member of the National Academy of History (Argentina).
Interview#118 Atul Dodiya
Vidéo | Interviews
Research Project: "Meditation with Open Eyes" During his residency Atul Dodiya proposes to paint a series of small scale paintings/drawings on paper as a playful experiment in reversal from his current studio practice of exploring almost « cacophnic », extreme, diverse images on large metal shop-shutters. This tenure will allow a time for meditative observations. The image of Saints in European painting and the depiction of Krishna in the Bhagavad Purana are very much on his mind. In recent years he has written and published creative text in Gujarati and plans to continue his writing during the fellowship. Biography Atul Dodiya was born in 1959, Mumbai,India. Widely considered as one of India’smost significant artists,Atul Dodiya was trained in Mumbai, at Sir JJ School of Art, 1982 and École des Beaux-Arts (Paris),1991-1992 He became known in the Nineties for hyperrealist paintings depicting middle-class Indian life and for his watercolour series on Mahatma Gandhi. His paintings are populated by diverse traditions in painting, the written words, images from the media and of saints, legends, national history, political events, traumata and autobiograpical narratives. His allegorical paintings on canvas or metal roller shutters and watercolours may be aggressive or poetic. Atul Dodiya has had more than 30 solo shows in India and abroad, which includes a mid career retrospective at Japan Foundation Asia Centre, Tokyo in 2001, a solo show in Reina Sofia Museum, Madrid in 2002, Contemporary Arts Centre, Cincinnati, US in 2013, a major survey show of his work held at the National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi, 2013. Participated in Yokohama Triennale,2001, Venice Biennale, 2005 Documenta 12,2007,Gwangiu Biennale, 2008, Moscow Biennale, 2009,Biennale Jogia XI, 2011, Asia Pacific Triennale, Brisbane, 2012, and Kochi Muziris Biennale, Kochi,India ,2012.
Interview #120 Daniella Kostroun
Vidéo | Interviews
Research Project : "The Curiosity of Madeleine Hachard: Networks of Influence and Local Interests in the French Atlantic" Madeleine Hachard was one of the twelve Ursulines who set sail from the port of Lorient in 1727 to establish a mission in New Orleans, Louisiana. Only a novice at the time, she is famous for being "Louisiana’s first female author" because of the publication in 1728 of letters attributed to her describing the nuns’ voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. This research project reveals that the letters are not by Hachard, but are rather the product of an anonymous editor, one who copied and altered real letters sent to France by Hachard’s Mother Superior, Marie Tranchepain. The editor’s motive was to critique the Ursuline’s Jesuit directors’ morality by parodying letters that were authored by French Jesuit missionaries working in Asia and in the Americas and published under the title Lettres édifiantes et curieuses. In seeking the "culprit" behind the Hachard parody, this project highlights networks of information and power in the 17th and 18th-century French Atlantic World. Biography Daniella Kostroun is a historian. After graduating Magna Cum Laude with a degree in History from Cornell University (1992), she attended Duke University, where she received an M.A. and Ph.D. in European History. In 1999-2000, she was a dissertation fellow at the Erasmus Institute at the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana. The following year, she was a post-doctoral fellow at the UCLA Center for Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Studies in Los Angeles, CA. It was here, in the collaborative and interdisciplinary environment at the center, that she began developing research projects related to the Atlantic World in addition to her work on Jansenist women in France. After teaching for two years at Stonehill College in Easton, MA, (2002-2004) she took a position at Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis where she is now an Associate Professor. She is the recipient of several grants and awards, and has served on the governing board of the Western Society for French History and on the Editorial Board of French Historical Studies.
Interview #116 Marc-Henry Soulet
Vidéo | Interviews
Project research : "Social work: an activity of prudential professional self-conceptualization. An attempt to model an integrated theory of social work" This project attempts to examine systematically the partial and sectoral work carried out thus far in order to develop a theoretical modelling of social work around a central concept, which is the prudential dimension of social workers’ activity. When it is said that social work should be understood as a prudential activity because of the high level of professionalism required of social workers due to the uncertainty of the end goal, the means to be implemented as well as the ambivalence of the tasks, it does not mean it is a personal matter marked by the seal of subjectivity, or that social work is intractable to any formalization inherent to the size (and nature) of human activity. On the contrary, it serves to emphasize the double quality of the activity undertaken: the requirement of accuracy with the situation and the claim to universality of an operated construction. The structuring hypothesis of the suggested theoretical modelling is based on a characterization of the issues of professionalism regarding four areas of interrogation (purposes, practice, context, and situation), whose accompanying properties (uncertainty, weak coding, shade, and lability) that call for caution and force them to act in situations, oblige social workers to partake in a continual professional self-conceptualization of their intervention practices in order to make it socially meaningful and effective. Biography Marc-Henry Soulet is ordinary Professor of Sociology and chair holder of Social Work and Public Policies at the University of Fribourg. He is the current President of the International Association of French speaking sociologists. In this capacity, he is fully concerned by (and committed to) contemporary transformations of Social Sciences from a pedagogical and scientific point of view. His work has three main directions: 1) analysis of concrete forms of social intervention and that of the contemporary transformations of the welfare state; 2) understanding of management mechanisms regarding discredited identities and that of the forms of action in vulnerable situations; and 3) the study of forms of social treatment of non-integration. He directs the Res socialis collection at Academic Press Fribourg where he has coordinated the publication of numerous works on social problems and social policies. He has also published several articles in the field of social work as well as on epistemological and methodological questions in Social Sciences.
Interview #114 Scott Levi
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Globalization at the Frontier of Empires: The Rise and Fall of Khoqand, 1709-1876" This project will result in the first book to focus direct attention on the ways that early modern Central Asia actively engaged with the globalizing world. The book will also represent the first English-language history of the Khanate of Khoqand (1799-1876), an extraordinary dynamic state that emerged over the course of the eighteenth century in eastern Uzbekistan’s Ferghana Valley. The study will analyze ways that global political, economic, technological and environmental developments influenced life in early modern Central Asia and contributed to the rise, and fall, of Khoqand. It will also illustrate the ways that Central Asians influenced the policies of their much larger imperial neighbors on the Eurasian periphery. The project therefore aspires to rehabilitate the history of a region that has long been dismissed as peripheral and historically irrelevant in the early modern Eurasian context. The final product will be aimed at an interdisciplinary audience that includes scholars and students with interests in Central Asian, Russian, Middle-Eastern, Chinese and world history, as well as the study of comparative empire and the history of globalization Biography Dr. Scott Levi is Associate Professor of Central Asian History at Ohio State University. He earned his Ph.D in History at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 2000, following which he held a visiting position in Central Eurasian Studies at Indiana University, Bloomington, and tenure-track positions at Eastern Illinois University and the University of Louisville. In 2008 he joined the Department of History at the Ohio State University. He has spent extended periods of time studying and researching in India, Pakistan and Uzbekistan, and has traveled widely throughout the region. He is a past president of the Central Eurasian Studies Society, he has served on the oversight committee for the Soros Foundation’s Central Asia Research and Teaching Initiative, and he continues to serve as a member of the International Faculty Advisory Committee for Nazarbayev University’s School of Humanities and Social Sciences in Astana, Kazakhstan. His research focuses on the social and economic history of early modern Central Asia.
Conference #179 IEAoLu by Emmanuel Dockès, 58mn
Vidéo | Lectures
Dans le cadre du cycle de conférence de la fondation Institut d’Etudes Avancées de Nantes organisé au Lieu Unique à Nantes en partenariat avec l’Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Emmanuel Dockès, Professeur à l’Université paris Nanterre, a présenté " Pour un autre code du travail ", introduit par Pierre Musso, Philosophe et membre associé de l’Institut d’Etudes Avancées de Nantes. « Le droit du travail, conquis pour l’essentiel au XXe siècle, s’est profondément affaibli dans la quasi-totalité des pays de l’OCDE, depuis la fin des années 1970. La France réalise ce programme destructeur plus lentement que d’autres pays, mais avec persévérance, pugnacité même. Cet effritement commencé à la fin des années 1980 n’a quasiment pas cessé depuis. Il s’est même accéléré avec les grandes lois du précédent quinquennat et les ordonnances de l’été. Dans ce contexte, un groupe d’une vingtaine d’universitaires (le Groupe de recherche pour un autre code du travail, GR-PACT), convaincu de la nécessité d’un droit du travail digne de ce nom a rédigé une Proposition de code du travail (Dalloz, mars 2017) progressiste. Cette proposition est quatre fois plus courte que la partie législative actuelle. Adaptée à la réalité de notre temps, elle prévoit de profondes réformes dans tous les domaines du droit du travail. »
Interview #111 Luis Chaves
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "The summer before it all happened " Luis Chaves’ first novel was a kind of self-fiction that left many loose ends untied. His project aims to pick up where he left off to create a second novel. To achieve this, he uses a writing methodology which involves working on raw material he has collected and expanding it into ideas. This raw material includes sketches, notes, photographs, poetic images, conversations overheard on public transport and passages from conversations. This second novel is based on personal experience that will be treated later as fiction. It raises questions around identity, the idea of belonging to a place, the interior logic of traveling confronted with the idea of escaping from something. Biography Luis Chaves is a poet, novelist, chronicler and translator. Chaves’ works have been published in Costa Rica, Mexico, Argentina, Spain, Germany, Italy and Slovenia. His books include Los animales que imaginamos (1997, awarded the Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz Poetry Prize, Mexico), Chan Marshall (2005, awarded the Fray Luis de Leon Poetry Prize, Spain) and La máquina de hacer niebla (National Poetry Prize, Ministry of Culture, Costa Rica, 2012). His short novel Salvapantallas was recently published by the prestigious publishing house Seix Barral. In 2003, the translation of his poems into Italian (by Raffaella Raganella) won the international prize awarded by the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio de Ascoli Piceno. In Germany, Hochroth Verlag has published two translations (by Timo Berger) into German of his poetry: Das Foto (2012) and Hier drunter liegt was Besseres (2013). Translations into English (by Julia Guez and Samantha Zighelboim) were included in the October 2015 issue of legendary POETRY Magazine, PEN American Poetry Series and Circumference. The Akademie Schloss Stuttgart in Germany awarded him the Jean Jacques Rousseau grant in 2011. He was a 2015 fellow for the DAAD Artists in Berlin Program.
Interview Claude Riveline
Vidéo | Interviews
Entretien avec Claude Riveline Interview de Claude Riveline, dans le cadre du colloque " Les métamorphoses des relations Etat/Entreprise " sur le thème : " Les mille visages de l'Etat. Analyse par les quatre niveaux. " "L’Entreprise contre l’Etat ?" de Pierre Musso Dans le cadre de sa résidence à l’Institut en tant que membre associé, Pierre MUSSO a mené un premier cycle d’un séminaire pluriannuel d’un groupe de réflexion qui s’est réuni à plusieurs reprises à Nantes et à Paris autour des métamorphoses relations de l’Etat et de l’Entreprise. Cette publication qui sortira le 21 septembre prochain aux éditions Manucius est issu d’un séminaire et d’un colloque public qui s’est déroulé les 7 et 8 décembre 2016. Résumé de l’ouvrage: Les relations de l’Etat et de l’Entreprise se métamorphosent. Considérer sur le long terme et d’un point de vue anthropologique, comme une institution, l’Entreprise semble imposer sa vision et sa normativité managériale à l’Etat.Elle domine l’économie et l’innovation technologique et étend son emprise dans les domaines culturel et politique. «L’Entreprise pense, l’Etat dé-pense », pourrait-on résumer. En France, l’Etat semble sacralisé, même s’il tend à s’affaiblir, et la grande Entreprise est plutôt l’objet de critiques ou de passions contrastées alors qu’elle tend à se renforcer à l’échelle mondiale. L’Etat et l’Entreprise sont producteurs de cultures, de signes, de rites, de symboles, de concepts et de représentations sociales. D’un côté, l’Etat a des missions étendues et incarne « l’intérêt général », le service public, la nation ou la justice, de l’autre l’Entreprise défend l’efficacité, le profit et la production de biens et services. Mais l’entreprise est-elle même une institution ou une organisation, ou tout simplement l’exercice d’une liberté, celle d’entreprendre ? C’est à ces problématiques que et ouvrage élaboré dans le cadre des séminaires de l’Institut d’études avancées de Nantes, par un collectif de chercheurs de diverses disciplines, des responsables d’entreprises privées ou publiques et des hauts fonctionnaires, tente de répondre. Ouvrage conçu sous la direction de Pierre Musso avec la participation de Marc Chopplet, Pascal Daloz, Corine Eyraud, Pascal Feillard, Jacques Fournier, Jean-Christophe Gracia, Samuel Jubé, Thibault Le Texier, Romain Laufer, Pierre Musso, Jean Peyrelevade, Baptiste Rappin, Claude Riveline, Jean-Philippe Robé, Alain Supiot, Arnaud Teyssier et Michel Volle.
Interview Jacques Fournier
Vidéo | Interviews
Entretien avec Jacques Fournier Interview de Jacques Fournier (Conseil d'Etat), dans le cadre du colloque " Les métamorphoses des relations Etat/Entreprise " sur le thème : " Entre l'Etat et l'Entreprise, quel avenir pour le service public ? " "L’Entreprise contre l’Etat ?" de Pierre Musso Dans le cadre de sa résidence à l’Institut en tant que membre associé, Pierre MUSSO a mené un premier cycle d’un séminaire pluriannuel d’un groupe de réflexion qui s’est réuni à plusieurs reprises à Nantes et à Paris autour des métamorphoses relations de l’Etat et de l’Entreprise. Cette publication qui sortira le 21 septembre prochain aux éditions Manucius est issu d’un séminaire et d’un colloque public qui s’est déroulé les 7 et 8 décembre 2016. Résumé de l’ouvrage: Les relations de l’Etat et de l’Entreprise se métamorphosent. Considérer sur le long terme et d’un point de vue anthropologique, comme une institution, l’Entreprise semble imposer sa vision et sa normativité managériale à l’Etat.Elle domine l’économie et l’innovation technologique et étend son emprise dans les domaines culturel et politique. «L’Entreprise pense, l’Etat dé-pense », pourrait-on résumer. En France, l’Etat semble sacralisé, même s’il tend à s’affaiblir, et la grande Entreprise est plutôt l’objet de critiques ou de passions contrastées alors qu’elle tend à se renforcer à l’échelle mondiale. L’Etat et l’Entreprise sont producteurs de cultures, de signes, de rites, de symboles, de concepts et de représentations sociales. D’un côté, l’Etat a des missions étendues et incarne « l’intérêt général », le service public, la nation ou la justice, de l’autre l’Entreprise défend l’efficacité, le profit et la production de biens et services. Mais l’entreprise est-elle même une institution ou une organisation, ou tout simplement l’exercice d’une liberté, celle d’entreprendre ? C’est à ces problématiques que et ouvrage élaboré dans le cadre des séminaires de l’Institut d’études avancées de Nantes, par un collectif de chercheurs de diverses disciplines, des responsables d’entreprises privées ou publiques et des hauts fonctionnaires, tente de répondre. Ouvrage conçu sous la direction de Pierre Musso avec la participation de Marc Chopplet, Pascal Daloz, Corine Eyraud, Pascal Feillard, Jacques Fournier, Jean-Christophe Gracia, Samuel Jubé, Thibault Le Texier, Romain Laufer, Pierre Musso, Jean Peyrelevade, Baptiste Rappin, Claude Riveline, Jean-Philippe Robé, Alain Supiot, Arnaud Teyssier et Michel Volle.