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Interview #2 Alonso Barros
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : “Hidden properties: people, death and legal masks in South America” “Albert Camus famously stated that “property is death”: I wish to explore and write about the accountabilities of death in terms of property, as produced by legally codified French and Chilean governments during the 19th Century, in the context of different South American wars and post-war contentions, reparations and compensations, as undertaken on behalf of French and other European nationals. I seek to understand and explain the working chromatography of inequality in Latin America as displayed in the discourses on property, especially when they refer to processes of (post)colonial racializations - still effectively displayed through national media in all of the countries involved, to the extremity of war. This links to present times of international boundary strife and shared xenophobia in the southern cone.”
Interview #1 Ahmed ben Naoum
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "The imaginary institution of society in North-West Africa: the voices of women and about women at the heart of establishing symbolic systems." The construction of the objects for this research concerns one of the major issues of the institution of Islamic societies since the Middle Ages to Present Times: "at the heart of societies" (M. Sahlins), is not the status of woman or women but of symbolic systems which found, justify and establish the relationships between women and men. Societies structured in and through difference, domination and inequality, own their very existence and reproduction to power and strength (P. Clastres and L. Marino), but also to resistance, circumvention, shunning and reversal of the power and strength against their source. Narratives (myths, stories, epic poems and hagiographic tales) that are the raw material for analysis, can be worked to identify formal logic or internal consistency. This work will be done only as a step toward the proper socio-anthropological analysis. The latter - whose source is the life of the researcher and "immersion" in the social groups who receive him periodically, but irregularly and for at least three decades - is developed in the constant concern to link the lively speech of women and men about their reciprocal relations. It was then that the unsuspected importance of the relation to the body itself and to kinesics, to the appropriation of space and to the trial of domestic and societal territorialization. The assumed inaudible voice of women is, on the contrary, deafening: structuring space and time, the reproduction of society, as well as rituals and economic and politic rhythms, it orders the differences and inequalities and maintains a constant symbolic tension between, on one hand, the powers exercised on women and subjecting them and secondly the forces of opposition of the women reducing domination or making it implode. My work is both a critique of theories of unilateral domination of women by men and a construction of new questions based on the analysis of original oral ‘texts’ of women and on women.
Rencontres scientifiques 2016-2017
Document | Publications
Découvrez l'ensemble des activités scientifiques de l'IEA pour l'année 2016-2017
Annuaire des résidents 2017-2018
Document | Publications
Retrouvez l'ensemble des résidents de la promotion 2017-2018.
" Escale Nantaise " by Sara keller
Vidéo | Other
Historienne et archéologue du bâti formée en France et en Allemagne, Sara Keller a mené des recherches pluridisciplinaires portant sur les monuments et les structures urbaines historiques en tant que source d’information pour l’étude des contextes socio-culturels pluriels. Au cours de son séjour de recherche à L’Institut, Sara Keller est partie à la découverte de la ville de Nantes qu’elle a explorée pinceaux à la main. Aujourd’hui, c’est donc en tant qu’artiste qu’elle expose ses aquarelles au Passage Sainte-Croix à Nantes du samedi 7 octobre au samedi 21 octobre sous le titre Escale Nantaise, dans le cadre d’un nouveau partenariat entre le Passage et l’Institut d’études avancées : « Escale Nantaise présente le carnet exploratoire d’un chercheur en sciences humaines et sociales de passage à Nantes. Pour quoi chercher ? Pourquoi à Nantes ? L’exposition « Escale Nantaise » vous invite à découvrir en image le récit de Sara Keller et à (re)visiter l’histoire de Nantes à travers ses aquarelles qui posent un regard tendre et léger sur l’esprit ouvert et bouillonnant de la ville. Pour cette seconde édition, l’exposition est enrichie d’un master objet, « La Châsse à Nantes », écho d’une réflexion sur l’identité nantaise. L’installation, haute en couleurs et en lumière, donne la voix au public. »
Interview #103 Gabriel Said Reynolds
Vidéo | Interviews
Project research : "God of Vengeance and Mercy: On the Qurʾan’s Theology in Relation to Jewish and Christian Tradition" Much has been made of the rhetoric of the Qurʾan on divine retribution. In a number of different chapters (“Suras”), including especially 7, 11, and 26, the Qurʾan relates a series of accounts which involve God’s destruction of a people who refuse to listen to the prophets sent to them. The Qurʾan in places emphasizes the vengeful nature of God, calling him “the possessor of retribution” (dhū al-intiqām) and “quick to judge” (sarīʿ al-ḥisāb). At the same time the Qurʾan also insists that God is merciful and compassionate (al-raḥmān al-raḥīm) and reports that his "mercy encompasses all things" (7:156). In this project, Gabriel Said Reynolds will investigate the juxtaposition of mercy and vengefulness in the Qurʾan in the light of pre-Qurʾanic Jewish and (especially) Christian literature. He will illustrate how this juxtaposition is not unique to the Qurʾan; indeed in Exodus (34:6-7) God is “slow to anger” and yet lets “nothing go unchecked.” Similarly, the Syriac fathers emphasize the mercy of God manifested in the sacrificial act of the crucifixion even as they insist that God will punish those who reject Christ. In his project he will examine the Biblical subtext of the Qurʾan which might allow academic scholars today to see the juxtaposition of mercy and vengeance as part of a longer debate which joins together different religious traditions. Biography Gabriel Said REYNOLDS researches the Qur’ān and Muslim/Christian relations and is Professor of Islamic Studies and Theology in the Department of Theology at Notre Dame, USA. At Notre Dame he teaches courses on theology, Christian-Muslim Relations, and Islamic Origins. He is the author of The Qur’ān and Its Biblical Subtext (Routledge 2010) and The Emergence of Islam (Fortress, 2012), the translator of ʿAbd al-Jabbar’s Critique of Christian Origins (BYU 2008), and editor of The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context (Routledge 2008) and New Perspectives on the Qur’ān: The Qur’ān in Its Historical Context 2 (Routledge 2011). In 2012-13 Prof. Reynolds directed, along with Mehdi Azaiez, “The Qurʾān Seminar,” a year-long collaborative project dedicated to encouraging dialogue among scholars of the Qurʾān. He is currently Chair of the Executive Board of the International Qurʾanic Studies Association (IQSA) and completing a book (Yale Univ. Press) on the Qurʾan in the light of Biblical tradition.
Interview #102 Alfonsina Bellio
Vidéo | Interviews
The proposed project fits in the continuity of a research path which aims to analyze mediumship and clairvoyance phenomena which characterized certain population strata - women, in the majority of cases - in southern Italy. The Calabrian religious field has changed in a restricted temporal arch. Today, there is a complex reality, in continuous oscillation between the memory of the peasant civilization and a break with the past, between the action of ecclesiastical domestication and the dissemination of new religious movements. A panoramic view of the contemporary pattern of Calabrian prophecy, clairvoyance, and mediumship, its challenges and transformations, shows such a richness and articulation that necessitates a plurality of interpretive approaches. This research is part of a perspective of understanding the dynamics of belief, of the forms of institution of culture and of authority around the religious, while focusing on areas of rewriting new cultural codes. Biography Alfonsina Bellio is an anthropologist and co-representative for post-doctoral researchers at GSRL, Groupe Sociétés, Religions, Laïcités (EPHE-CNRS) in Paris. She is jointly responsible for running the research seminar “Religion and politics: the subject of the Apocolypse” at l’École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS) and lectures at the Catholic University of the West (UCO) in Angers and the University of Bordeaux. She obtained her Master’s degree in social and historical anthropology of Europe at EHESS with distinction, and wrote her thesis (entitled “Women who go with the Dead”) under the direction of Daniel Fabre. She then went on to defend her doctoral thesis in anthropology and literature on the subject “Clairvoyants and Sibyls, Ethnographic Perspectives and Literary References”. She was a temporary lecturer and research assistant in the Department of Humanistic Studies of Calabria (Cosenza, Italy). As a laureate of the program "Research in Paris", she benefited from a scholarship from the City of Paris in 2012-13. She has carried out research and taught in various institutions and research organisations: not only within the department of humanistic studies at the University of Calabria, but also for the Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities, and the superintendence of historical, artistic, and ethno-anthropological patrimony of Calabria. She is also responsible for the Giuseppe Pitrè dossier for BEROSE (Database of studies and research on the organisation of ethnographic knowledge) and is secretary of FER EURETHNO (Scientific and Technical Cooperation Network for the Council of Europe). The results of her findings have been presented in several international scientific conferences (in Italy, France, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Belgium, Portugal, Spain, Croatia, Germany and Canada).
Interview #101 François Dingremont
Vidéo | Interviews
Research Project : "Philosophical misunderstandings around the myth of Ulysses" This project questions different biases regarding the philosophical interpretation of the myth of Ulysses. Ulysses can be seen as the symbol of two ways of thinking about man’s relationship to Reason. According to a first interpretation, Ulysses, seen as a positive hero, a traveler and an apprentice philosopher embodies the “humanist” pole for a Reason which is synonymous with emancipation from a “mythical” context. Refusing Calypso’s offer of immortality, he makes the choice for a life freed from dependence on the gods. According to this approach, the Odyssey is a philosophical epic narrating the hardships that this choice forces him to endure. According to the second approach, he is on the contrary, the negative hero of the triumphant instrumental Reason, purely motivated by self-preservation at any price and therefore violent towards his social and symbolic entourage. The misunderstanding is that these two interpretative options assume that Reason has, in Homeric imaginary, the same signification as in their own. However, nothing in the Odyssey corresponds to what Conche, Ferry, and Adorno, Horkheimer call Reason. These definitions have been handed down from a dualistic vision of culture. They do not represent the duality of Homeric thinking which, far from establishing irreducible distinctions and hierarchies (myth vs reason; religious vs secular; self vs other; tradition vs modernity), sets up a bipolarity in which clarity and the search for stable reference points and a balanced kosmos, necessarily involves opacity, a vehicle for confusion, and a vital part of any form of identity. This is how we interpret Ulysses’ polytropic, opaque and rolling identity – his mètis. A study of Ulysses’ intelligence in a crisis – for the epic is a literature of crisis – tells us less about the “Greek Miracle”, seen as the awakening or the triumph of a proto-dualistic Reason, and more about the Greek commitment to creating and maintaining their own opacity. An opacity which, far from emerging as the veil which must be lifted by Reason, is presented as an aesthetic, anthropological and ontological value.
Conférence de Juliette Grange le 24 octobre 2017, 57mn
Vidéo | Lectures
Philosophe de formation, Juliette Grange est spécialiste de la pensée française du XIXe siècle, des relations entre sciences humaines, éthique et politique et des questions de technique et d’environnement. Lors de sa conférence à l’IEA, elle abordera la question de l’idée républicaine aujourd’hui : qu’est-ce qu’une politique républicaine ? Qu’est-ce qui distingue démocratie et républicanisme ? Quelles différences y a-t-il entre le républicanisme « à la française » et les républicanistes anglo-saxons ? Pour ce faire, sa conférence s’articulera en trois parties : - Peuple et république : qu’est-ce que représenter ? - La dépersonnalisation du pouvoir : séparation et désincarnation. - Autonomie du sujet, liberté de l’individu. Avant de conclure sa conférence et d’entamer le débat avec le public, la conférencière ouvrira son sujet à celui plus large de « l’État nation, l’avenir européen de l’idée républicaine ». Juliette Grange est agrégée de philosophie, docteur d’État et professeur des Universités à l’Université François Rabelais de Tours. Auteur entre autres de La Philosophie d’Auguste Comte (PUF 1996), de L’Idée de République (Agora Pocket 2008) et de Pour une philosophie de l’écologie (Agora Pocket 2012), elle est co-éditrice des Œuvres complètes de Saint-Simon (PUF 2012) et va bientôt publier chez Pocket un nouvel ouvrage sur les Néo-conservateurs.
Conférence IEAoLu de Dominique Cardon le 10 octobre 2017, 65mn
Vidéo | Lectures
« Nous sommes entrés dans une société de calculs. Les techniques algorithmiques qui se déploient avec le monde des big data prétendent capturer au plus près les comportements des individus et prédire ce qu’ils sont, ce qu’ils pensent et ce qu’ils vont faire. À partir d’une approche de sociologie des sciences et des techniques, cette présentation s’attachera à analyser les différentes formes de calculabilité, et leurs épistémologies associées, qui se sont déployés dans les univers numériques. On prêtera notamment attention aux développements actuels des méthodes d’apprentissage (machine learning) et à la manière dont ils sont réinvestis par certains comme un (nouveau) retour de la promesse de l’intelligence artificielle. On s’interrogera enfin sur le paradigme comportementaliste qui est au cœur de cette nouvelle forme de calculabilité. Mais le monde devient-il pour autant plus prévisible ? Jusqu’où peut-on personnaliser sans défaire la société ? Comment peut-on comprendre et réguler les décisions des nouveaux calculateurs ? » Dominique Cardon est professeur de sociologie à Sciences po/Medialab. Ses travaux portent sur les usages d’Internet et les transformations de l’espace public numérique. Récemment, ses recherches se sont penchées sur les réseaux sociaux de l’Internet, les formes d’identité en ligne, l’autoproduction amateur et l’analyse des formes de coopération et de gouvernance dans les grands collectifs en ligne. Il conduit aujourd’hui une analyse sociologique des algorithmes permettant d’organiser l’information sur le web.