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Interview #116 Marc-Henry Soulet
Vidéo | Interviews
Project research : "Social work: an activity of prudential professional self-conceptualization. An attempt to model an integrated theory of social work" This project attempts to examine systematically the partial and sectoral work carried out thus far in order to develop a theoretical modelling of social work around a central concept, which is the prudential dimension of social workers’ activity. When it is said that social work should be understood as a prudential activity because of the high level of professionalism required of social workers due to the uncertainty of the end goal, the means to be implemented as well as the ambivalence of the tasks, it does not mean it is a personal matter marked by the seal of subjectivity, or that social work is intractable to any formalization inherent to the size (and nature) of human activity. On the contrary, it serves to emphasize the double quality of the activity undertaken: the requirement of accuracy with the situation and the claim to universality of an operated construction. The structuring hypothesis of the suggested theoretical modelling is based on a characterization of the issues of professionalism regarding four areas of interrogation (purposes, practice, context, and situation), whose accompanying properties (uncertainty, weak coding, shade, and lability) that call for caution and force them to act in situations, oblige social workers to partake in a continual professional self-conceptualization of their intervention practices in order to make it socially meaningful and effective. Biography Marc-Henry Soulet is ordinary Professor of Sociology and chair holder of Social Work and Public Policies at the University of Fribourg. He is the current President of the International Association of French speaking sociologists. In this capacity, he is fully concerned by (and committed to) contemporary transformations of Social Sciences from a pedagogical and scientific point of view. His work has three main directions: 1) analysis of concrete forms of social intervention and that of the contemporary transformations of the welfare state; 2) understanding of management mechanisms regarding discredited identities and that of the forms of action in vulnerable situations; and 3) the study of forms of social treatment of non-integration. He directs the Res socialis collection at Academic Press Fribourg where he has coordinated the publication of numerous works on social problems and social policies. He has also published several articles in the field of social work as well as on epistemological and methodological questions in Social Sciences.
Interview #114 Scott Levi
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Globalization at the Frontier of Empires: The Rise and Fall of Khoqand, 1709-1876" This project will result in the first book to focus direct attention on the ways that early modern Central Asia actively engaged with the globalizing world. The book will also represent the first English-language history of the Khanate of Khoqand (1799-1876), an extraordinary dynamic state that emerged over the course of the eighteenth century in eastern Uzbekistan’s Ferghana Valley. The study will analyze ways that global political, economic, technological and environmental developments influenced life in early modern Central Asia and contributed to the rise, and fall, of Khoqand. It will also illustrate the ways that Central Asians influenced the policies of their much larger imperial neighbors on the Eurasian periphery. The project therefore aspires to rehabilitate the history of a region that has long been dismissed as peripheral and historically irrelevant in the early modern Eurasian context. The final product will be aimed at an interdisciplinary audience that includes scholars and students with interests in Central Asian, Russian, Middle-Eastern, Chinese and world history, as well as the study of comparative empire and the history of globalization Biography Dr. Scott Levi is Associate Professor of Central Asian History at Ohio State University. He earned his Ph.D in History at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 2000, following which he held a visiting position in Central Eurasian Studies at Indiana University, Bloomington, and tenure-track positions at Eastern Illinois University and the University of Louisville. In 2008 he joined the Department of History at the Ohio State University. He has spent extended periods of time studying and researching in India, Pakistan and Uzbekistan, and has traveled widely throughout the region. He is a past president of the Central Eurasian Studies Society, he has served on the oversight committee for the Soros Foundation’s Central Asia Research and Teaching Initiative, and he continues to serve as a member of the International Faculty Advisory Committee for Nazarbayev University’s School of Humanities and Social Sciences in Astana, Kazakhstan. His research focuses on the social and economic history of early modern Central Asia.
Conference #179 IEAoLu by Emmanuel Dockès, 58mn
Vidéo | Lectures
Dans le cadre du cycle de conférence de la fondation Institut d’Etudes Avancées de Nantes organisé au Lieu Unique à Nantes en partenariat avec l’Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Emmanuel Dockès, Professeur à l’Université paris Nanterre, a présenté " Pour un autre code du travail ", introduit par Pierre Musso, Philosophe et membre associé de l’Institut d’Etudes Avancées de Nantes. « Le droit du travail, conquis pour l’essentiel au XXe siècle, s’est profondément affaibli dans la quasi-totalité des pays de l’OCDE, depuis la fin des années 1970. La France réalise ce programme destructeur plus lentement que d’autres pays, mais avec persévérance, pugnacité même. Cet effritement commencé à la fin des années 1980 n’a quasiment pas cessé depuis. Il s’est même accéléré avec les grandes lois du précédent quinquennat et les ordonnances de l’été. Dans ce contexte, un groupe d’une vingtaine d’universitaires (le Groupe de recherche pour un autre code du travail, GR-PACT), convaincu de la nécessité d’un droit du travail digne de ce nom a rédigé une Proposition de code du travail (Dalloz, mars 2017) progressiste. Cette proposition est quatre fois plus courte que la partie législative actuelle. Adaptée à la réalité de notre temps, elle prévoit de profondes réformes dans tous les domaines du droit du travail. »
Interview #111 Luis Chaves
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "The summer before it all happened " Luis Chaves’ first novel was a kind of self-fiction that left many loose ends untied. His project aims to pick up where he left off to create a second novel. To achieve this, he uses a writing methodology which involves working on raw material he has collected and expanding it into ideas. This raw material includes sketches, notes, photographs, poetic images, conversations overheard on public transport and passages from conversations. This second novel is based on personal experience that will be treated later as fiction. It raises questions around identity, the idea of belonging to a place, the interior logic of traveling confronted with the idea of escaping from something. Biography Luis Chaves is a poet, novelist, chronicler and translator. Chaves’ works have been published in Costa Rica, Mexico, Argentina, Spain, Germany, Italy and Slovenia. His books include Los animales que imaginamos (1997, awarded the Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz Poetry Prize, Mexico), Chan Marshall (2005, awarded the Fray Luis de Leon Poetry Prize, Spain) and La máquina de hacer niebla (National Poetry Prize, Ministry of Culture, Costa Rica, 2012). His short novel Salvapantallas was recently published by the prestigious publishing house Seix Barral. In 2003, the translation of his poems into Italian (by Raffaella Raganella) won the international prize awarded by the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio de Ascoli Piceno. In Germany, Hochroth Verlag has published two translations (by Timo Berger) into German of his poetry: Das Foto (2012) and Hier drunter liegt was Besseres (2013). Translations into English (by Julia Guez and Samantha Zighelboim) were included in the October 2015 issue of legendary POETRY Magazine, PEN American Poetry Series and Circumference. The Akademie Schloss Stuttgart in Germany awarded him the Jean Jacques Rousseau grant in 2011. He was a 2015 fellow for the DAAD Artists in Berlin Program.
Interview Claude Riveline
Vidéo | Interviews
Entretien avec Claude Riveline Interview de Claude Riveline, dans le cadre du colloque " Les métamorphoses des relations Etat/Entreprise " sur le thème : " Les mille visages de l'Etat. Analyse par les quatre niveaux. " "L’Entreprise contre l’Etat ?" de Pierre Musso Dans le cadre de sa résidence à l’Institut en tant que membre associé, Pierre MUSSO a mené un premier cycle d’un séminaire pluriannuel d’un groupe de réflexion qui s’est réuni à plusieurs reprises à Nantes et à Paris autour des métamorphoses relations de l’Etat et de l’Entreprise. Cette publication qui sortira le 21 septembre prochain aux éditions Manucius est issu d’un séminaire et d’un colloque public qui s’est déroulé les 7 et 8 décembre 2016. Résumé de l’ouvrage: Les relations de l’Etat et de l’Entreprise se métamorphosent. Considérer sur le long terme et d’un point de vue anthropologique, comme une institution, l’Entreprise semble imposer sa vision et sa normativité managériale à l’Etat.Elle domine l’économie et l’innovation technologique et étend son emprise dans les domaines culturel et politique. «L’Entreprise pense, l’Etat dé-pense », pourrait-on résumer. En France, l’Etat semble sacralisé, même s’il tend à s’affaiblir, et la grande Entreprise est plutôt l’objet de critiques ou de passions contrastées alors qu’elle tend à se renforcer à l’échelle mondiale. L’Etat et l’Entreprise sont producteurs de cultures, de signes, de rites, de symboles, de concepts et de représentations sociales. D’un côté, l’Etat a des missions étendues et incarne « l’intérêt général », le service public, la nation ou la justice, de l’autre l’Entreprise défend l’efficacité, le profit et la production de biens et services. Mais l’entreprise est-elle même une institution ou une organisation, ou tout simplement l’exercice d’une liberté, celle d’entreprendre ? C’est à ces problématiques que et ouvrage élaboré dans le cadre des séminaires de l’Institut d’études avancées de Nantes, par un collectif de chercheurs de diverses disciplines, des responsables d’entreprises privées ou publiques et des hauts fonctionnaires, tente de répondre. Ouvrage conçu sous la direction de Pierre Musso avec la participation de Marc Chopplet, Pascal Daloz, Corine Eyraud, Pascal Feillard, Jacques Fournier, Jean-Christophe Gracia, Samuel Jubé, Thibault Le Texier, Romain Laufer, Pierre Musso, Jean Peyrelevade, Baptiste Rappin, Claude Riveline, Jean-Philippe Robé, Alain Supiot, Arnaud Teyssier et Michel Volle.
Interview Jacques Fournier
Vidéo | Interviews
Entretien avec Jacques Fournier Interview de Jacques Fournier (Conseil d'Etat), dans le cadre du colloque " Les métamorphoses des relations Etat/Entreprise " sur le thème : " Entre l'Etat et l'Entreprise, quel avenir pour le service public ? " "L’Entreprise contre l’Etat ?" de Pierre Musso Dans le cadre de sa résidence à l’Institut en tant que membre associé, Pierre MUSSO a mené un premier cycle d’un séminaire pluriannuel d’un groupe de réflexion qui s’est réuni à plusieurs reprises à Nantes et à Paris autour des métamorphoses relations de l’Etat et de l’Entreprise. Cette publication qui sortira le 21 septembre prochain aux éditions Manucius est issu d’un séminaire et d’un colloque public qui s’est déroulé les 7 et 8 décembre 2016. Résumé de l’ouvrage: Les relations de l’Etat et de l’Entreprise se métamorphosent. Considérer sur le long terme et d’un point de vue anthropologique, comme une institution, l’Entreprise semble imposer sa vision et sa normativité managériale à l’Etat.Elle domine l’économie et l’innovation technologique et étend son emprise dans les domaines culturel et politique. «L’Entreprise pense, l’Etat dé-pense », pourrait-on résumer. En France, l’Etat semble sacralisé, même s’il tend à s’affaiblir, et la grande Entreprise est plutôt l’objet de critiques ou de passions contrastées alors qu’elle tend à se renforcer à l’échelle mondiale. L’Etat et l’Entreprise sont producteurs de cultures, de signes, de rites, de symboles, de concepts et de représentations sociales. D’un côté, l’Etat a des missions étendues et incarne « l’intérêt général », le service public, la nation ou la justice, de l’autre l’Entreprise défend l’efficacité, le profit et la production de biens et services. Mais l’entreprise est-elle même une institution ou une organisation, ou tout simplement l’exercice d’une liberté, celle d’entreprendre ? C’est à ces problématiques que et ouvrage élaboré dans le cadre des séminaires de l’Institut d’études avancées de Nantes, par un collectif de chercheurs de diverses disciplines, des responsables d’entreprises privées ou publiques et des hauts fonctionnaires, tente de répondre. Ouvrage conçu sous la direction de Pierre Musso avec la participation de Marc Chopplet, Pascal Daloz, Corine Eyraud, Pascal Feillard, Jacques Fournier, Jean-Christophe Gracia, Samuel Jubé, Thibault Le Texier, Romain Laufer, Pierre Musso, Jean Peyrelevade, Baptiste Rappin, Claude Riveline, Jean-Philippe Robé, Alain Supiot, Arnaud Teyssier et Michel Volle.
Interview #107 Claus Halberg
Vidéo | Interviews
Research Project :"Phenomenology, Naturalism and Normativity" The project addresses the problem of normativity as it has recently taken shape in contemporary philosophy. This problem concerns how to make sense of the nature and status of normative concepts, vocabulary or discourse vis à vis the descriptive and explanatory vocabularies endorsed by the natural sciences. On a deeper level, it is a matter of accounting for the source of the normative constraints that constitute certain mental events and behaviours as “thoughts” and “actions.” The project approaches this problem by bringing into play a trio of Western philosophical traditions that are only rarely considered together. The first is the phenomenological tradition, such as it was inaugurated by Husserl, characterized by its methodological privileging of the 1st person perspective and the imperative of investigating issues in terms of “lived experience,” i.e., the life-world of human persons. The second tradition invoked is the pragmatic naturalism associated with figures such as Robert Brandom and Huw Price, characterized by a stronger Wittgensteinian emphasis on the grammar of social or discursive practices, understood as life-forms having a natural history. In the process of articulating the tension between these two accounts of normativity, the project will invoke – thirdly – the biological philosophy of Georges Canguilhem, characteristically referring the force of normativity back to the “vital norms” that become manifest on occasion of their violation in and through pathology. The working hypothesis of the project is that Canguilhem’s concept of biological normativity might be able to address the pitfalls of the other two perspectives: On the one hand, the inflated conception of subjectivity as personhood in phenomenology, which makes it difficult for phenomenology to co-exist with natural science short of a reduction of the latter to a mere “abstraction” or “distortion” of the allegedly fundamental “personalist attitude”; On the other hand, the deflation of subjectivity in pragmatic naturalism’s overemphasis on discursive practices, which would seem equally to consign its concept of normativity to a narrow and naturalistically unwarranted anthropocentrism. Biography Claus Halberg is a philosopher, specializing in phenomenological philosophy, feminist theory and gender studies. He obtained his doctoral degree from the University of Bergen, Norway, in 2013, with a dissertation on the gendered rhetoric of Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy of nature. He has taught seasonally at the Philosophy Department and at the Gender Studies program, the University of Bergen, while presenting and publishing nationally and internationally as an independent scholar. Following the conclusion of his fellowship at IEA de Nantes, he will commence a three-year Marie Sklodowska Curie Actions individual global fellowship, to be conducted in part as a visiting researcher at Duke University (USA), and in part at the University of Bergen. His research focuses on the relations and tensions between phenomenology, naturalism and feminist theory with regard to the nature of value, normativity and sexual difference.
Interview #7 Christina Ciucu
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Political Zionism and religious anti-Zionism: searching an identity, redefining nation" "Through an analysis of major texts of the religious anti-Zionism - Isaac Breuer, R. Yoel Teitelbaum and R. Chaim Shapira of Munkacs - and several representative texts of political Zionism, by a careful implementation in context and in contrast, I propose to distinguish antagonistic definitions of identity, the way in which these perspectives radically opposed are legitimate and some of their implications in the social and political sphere. This attempt to reconstruct in deconstructing the process of defining identity in the case of two opposing positions follows three axes: I. People versus Nation: a "traditional" definition of the jewish "people" as opposed to the national definition established in the late nineteenth century. II. Religious Messianism versus Jewish State: the fate of this idea extremely complex, as reflected in religious contemporary interpretations, in contrast to its metamorphosis in the Zionist political ideology. III. Holy Land versus Colonialism: the role played by the religious option of "holy land" in the discourse of political Zionism, contrasting with the anticolonial discourse - that meets the contemporary postcolonial discourse - of religious Zionism. "
Interview #105 Anne Dubos
Vidéo |
Research Project : « Phantom of the graphic form; towards an archeology of gesture » The study of Indian theatre history highlights the variety in the actor’s body techniques. Based on the analysis of concrete cases of performance, Anne Dubos’ research project aims to measure the transformation of gesture through time and space. To challenge both epistemological and technological advancement, she plans to design several trans-media installations that will combine traditional performance and digital arts. The ultimate goal of the project is to design interactive tools where knowledge is closely associated to body performance. As a direct consequence, the archive of technical gesture will question heritage conservation policies. Beyond the design of a graphical analysis method, her research will aim at creating new archiving tools for social sciences. Biography Anne Dubos is an anthropologist and a transmedia artist. She conducts a double research project between social anthropology and performing arts. In 2013, she obtained a PhD from Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) on the gesture transmission in contemporary theater in Kerala (South India). After Marcel Mauss (1963), Adam Kendon (1997), and Marcel Jousse (1974), the objective of her research is to question how gesture can be defined and transmitted. Both as a visual artist and a researcher she writes and directs performances and art installations in search for new theoretical paradigms. Between theory and practice, her aim is to understand creation process. From the morphogenetic analysis of a gesture in performance (that is, either on stage or in a rehearsal context) to a global understanding of body culture movement, her work aims to show that gesture could be perceived as a form that follows the transformation theory (D’Arcy Thompson: 1917). She therefore works at developing a “morphogenetic theatre theory”, where motion capture helps to show the modification of the shape of the body in time and space. Moreover, based on the assertion that there is an “ecology of practice” of the gesture (Bateson: 1983), her work includes the notion of “drama-diversity”. As such, she argues that there are necessary factors that allow the growth of a form and, consequently, she tends to generate maps of body movement. She has founded a multidisciplinary group : the Little Heart Movement, composed by dancers, theatre artists, martial artists, geographers, digital artists and software engineers, biomecanicians, anthropologists, philosophers, psychologists. They help her capture body movement and map it in 3 or 4 dimensions. Her research aims at revealing new theories of gesture transmission.
Interview #6 Charles-Didier Gondola
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : " Tropical Cowboys : Youth, Popular Culture and Masculinity in Colonial Kinshasa " In the 1950s, a certain idea of the (American) "West" swept across Kinshasa’s African townships like wild fire. It influenced youth socialization, the construction of masculinities, the emergence of popular cultures, and even political developments in Congo. During the tumultuous decade of Congo’s decolonization, several bands of youth, which called themselves Bills (as in Buffalo Bill, their eponymous hero), formed in most townships in Kinshasa, especially in the far-flung fringes of the sprawling capital. They had one thing in common, their fascination with the cowboy movie genre, which had become the main staples in makeshift movie parlors across Kinshasa’s townships. Classic scenes of Indian attacks, turf battles among frontiersmen, ribald repartees, bawdy jokes, rambunctious female characters who nonetheless fall prey to lewd men, stories of betrayal and bravados, villains and heroes battling it out in the lawless frontier; those were some of the scenes that brewed indiscipline in the minds of those young viewers and prompted them to reenact in the tropics the hustle and bustle of the American West. One of my main objectives with this project is to demonstrate that the study of popular cultures can illuminate how systemic social changes take place, how mass cultures are invested with a political capital, and how they can ultimately be co-opted by the state to help maintain the political and social status quo. My project is also rooted on the theoretical assumptions that masculinity is a social, normative, and multifarious construct that has enabled societies to create and police the boundaries between different gendered and generational spaces.