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Lecture #184 IEAoLu by Pierre Lory, March 13st, 2018, 48mn
Vidéo | Lectures
Mystical movements in Islam are not only the domain of a minority of contemplatives cut off from the world: Sufi brotherhoods bring together millions of followers from all over the world. Mysticism represents one of the most important aspects of potentiality in Islamic religious life. This conference will look back at the history of these very diverse movements, their main doctrines and practices and their impact on literature and the arts. The talk will also discuss some of the more striking personalities of this mysticism as well as its role in the modern world.
Interview #122 by Jacques Athanase GILBERT
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Representation and Immersion" The project investigates the relationship between representation and immersion. It aims to show how today’s digital environments recompose and reorganize the possibility of a simulation by imitation (mimèsis) such as it might have been suggested and theorized in the past. It is first necessary to carry out archaeological and genealogical research on imitation in order to place the question in the long-term context of esthetic and poetic theories. However, representation and immersion take place within an entirely different framework as this illusory simulation no longer acts as a simple imitation but as a representation - the reiteration of an initial presence – and as a substitution when an immersive environment is created. It thus becomes apparent that the question is not simply esthetic but that it also concerns the relationship with the world around us. Does the immersive environment produced by digital objects generate over time a “new reality” which supplements or even replaces the immediate reality? Biography Jacques Athanase Gilbert is a Professor of General and Comparative Literature at Nantes University. His background is both literary and philosophical. He defended his thesis on the subject La relique under the guidance of Henri Meschonnic in 1990.This work looks at the special status of relics between presence and representation.In 1995, he joined Nantes University as a lecturer in the faculty of Foreign Languages and Civilizations where he fulfilled an administrative and pedagogical role. He went on to develop his research into questions of presence and representation, more specifically in their esthetic and religious dimensions. His work deals with a long period, from Antiquity to the Classical Age.From the beginning of the 2000s, he took a keen interest in the digital transformation which he immediately saw from a perspective of digital representation and simulation of the world. This led him to consider the issues of immersion which he studies both as technological environment substitution and as a “symbolic form” embodied in cultural anthropology.
Interview #113 by Nükhet SIRMAN
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Creating a Life Alongside the Law" The research proposes to study and produce an ethnography based on fieldwork in Mersin, a coastal city in the south of Turkey where Kurds who have been forcefully displaced from their villages in the 1990s have migrated to. They have been able to build a life for themselves there, a life which is not strictly speaking within the law. Sociological/anthropological studies have called this "the informal sector" and other such names. The researcher, by contrast, aims to question two concepts in this context: what exactly is the law, and what does it mean to be alongside the law; and, secondly, what do we understand from the notion of "a life," what constitutes a life? Biography Nükhet Sirman is a Turkish anthropologist who has worked in the department of sociology at Boğaziçi University since 1989. Having completed her undergraduate and graduate studies at University College, London in 1988, she has worked on peasant farms in cotton production, feminist movements, honor crimes and violence against women, gender construction under nationalist discourses, Kurdish women’s movements and the settlement of internally displaced persons. She has also been a feminist activist working for peace. She has written academic as well as more popular and political articles on these topics, both in English and in Turkish.
Interview #115 Mathias Boukary Savadogo
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Islamic plurality in Côte d’Ivoire: actors and issues" Muslims have been the majority in Côte d’Ivoire for a very long time. But this majority is only numeric because for decades, they have had little influence on Ivorian society from both a sociological and political point of view. Islamic actors have become more and more numerous and have obtained the right to the city. They have gone from a posture of cooperation to one of demands and negotiation with the State. The various political and social crises have reinforced this posture. The typology of Islamic actors present and the issues that motivate them will help to better identify and understand their activities on the ground. Biography Mathias Boukary Savadogo, Ivorian, is Assistant Professor in the Department of History of Félix Houphouët-Boigny University in Cocody-Abidjan, Côte d’ Ivoire. He is a specialist in contemporary Islam and is in charge of History of Religions in Africa. He supervises the students’ research for the various cycles of the Department (Bachelor’s, Master’s and PhD). Under the direction of Professor Jean - Louis Triaud, he defended a thesis in history on the Tijaniyya Hamawiyya in Sahelian and forested areas of West Africa. As well as Muslim Sufi movements, Mathias Boukary Savadogo is interested in the transformations of Islam in Africa. To this end, he founded a research group focused on the Transformations of Islam in Africa (GRETIA).
Conference #183 by Maria Fusaro, february 20th 2018, 55mn
Vidéo | Lectures
This lecture argues for the role of the ‘law’ as a fundamental connector in history using the example of how this operated within ‘maritime’ and ‘global’ history. By focussing on how medieval and early modern dialogue and exchange between various traditions of maritime laws (in the plural), created a flexible institutional framework which integrated and connected the early modern world, and formed the basis of international law, I shall also argue for the need to reassessing the fundamental importance of the Mediterranean within scholarship concerned with global history.
Interview #121 Ammara Bekkouche
Vidéo | Interviews
Research Project : "Ecological urbanism in the urban planning process. The issue of green spaces in the face of shifting paradigms" This research reflects on the reproduction of urban green spaces within changing contexts and related socio-economic issues. It refers to urban ecological precepts which provide new methodological principles that contribute to their design renewal. These involve management methods in the field of sustainable development strategy, taking into account the effects of the fragility of these green spaces on maintenance costs. Within the framework of urban ecological planning, the study examines the relationship between scientific research and operational activities. It suggests the problem of interdisciplinary research as a concept of multifunctional development approach, with regard to biodiversity and ambivalences that characterize this correlation. These types of open spaces are considered as places of “mediance” relating to social practices and civic implications. The investigations aim to interpret the created innovations in the light of changes implying the exploration of "urban resilience" as a concept in progress. Biography Ammara Bekkouche is an architect and urban planner graduated from the Polytechnic School of Architecture and Urbanism of Algiers (EPAU) and retired Professor of Higher Education in Algeria. She taught architecture and urban planning at the University of Science and Technology of Oran (USTO). Presently she is associate-researcher at the Centre for Research in Social and Cultural Anthropology (CRASC) in Oran. Following on from her earlier work on ecological urban planning, her research focuses on public green spaces examined through the lens of multifunctional practices, methods and management including urban development professions. Her investigations on urban design have led her to study different aspects of urban ecology in relation to environmental issues integrating social practices in economic valuation of green spaces. In addition to the quantifiable standards that characterize the "intermediate space" administration, sociocultural meanings are required as symbolizing the historical heritage and identity of the place. They refer to urban resilience issues and the adaptability of socio-ecological landscapes. The examination of ambivalences related to the paradigms in place contributes to ecological knowledge production through emerging concepts such as mediance and capabilities.
Interview #119 by Mauro Turrini
Vidéo |
Research project : "Banalizing Genomics: The invisible success of the molecularization of non-rare thrombophilia" The spread of the genetic test for non-rare thrombophilia is an interesting successful case of the application of genomics in clinics, established less than two decades after the discovery of the two genetic markers associated with the predisposition for thrombosis. While other innovations in the field of genomics have been surrounded by public outcry or debate, these tests have been almost unnoticed. Still largely unnoticed, the genomic reconfiguration of this predisposition instantiates a new innovation pattern marked by the marginality or even absence of geneticists. “Banalizing genomics” serves here as an ambivalent process which regards, on one hand, the normalization of genomic information, which is increasingly used as any other layer of biological data, and, on the other, the geneticization of medical practice, which is increasingly affected by genetics. This research intends to identify and analyze the conditions that have made the banalization of such tests possible, and the various challenges that this process poses to public health. It comprises two axes: a history of the scientific and clinical validation and subsequent inclusion for national insurance coverage of genetic testing for NRT in France and a study of the test’s rapid incorporation into the routine medical practice of relevant specialties. Biography Since completing his PhD at the University of Padova with a dissertation on prenatal genetic diagnosis, Mauro Turrini has worked on the relationship between new genetics and society as post-doctoral fellow in several international institutes, including the University of Padova, the Institute for Advanced Studies on Science, Technology and Society of the Alpen Adrien University (Graz, Austria), the Department of Social Sciences, Health and Medicine at King’s College London (as a visiting fellow) and as a Marie Curie research fellow at the University of Paris 1 “Panthéon Sorbonne”. Currently, he is a member of both the Paris 1 research unit CETCOPRA (Centre for the Study of Technology, Knowledge & Practice), the working group on High-Throughput Genomics of the research unit CERMES3 (Paris), and the AFS (French Association of Sociology) working group 41 on “Body, Technology, and Society”.
"Artisans" Exhibition by Christophe Delory
Vidéo | Interviews
As part of artistic exchanges, the IAS-Nantes is presenting the exhibition "Artisans" (craftsmen) by Christophe Delory until June, 27. "Every day thousands of small-scale tradesmen go about their work, in some cases with great passion. I’ve been photographing these workers, artisans in particular, since 2016. Each tradesman’s portrait came about by word of mouth. For the portrait of this large family, I was recommended by the former clients, associations, friends, brothers and sisters of these artisans. They welcomed me into their workplaces, some with apprehension, others with great camaraderie. I worked with film in black and white using a large camera 4X5-inch, a noble and selective photographic technique. Each take produced 4 to 8 photographs, so each shot required a lot of precision and respect for the photographic process adding to the need for more intense concentration. Serge was the catalyst for this project, after coming to my house to fix a leaking roof, I could see just by watching him the pride he took in his work. Photograpers can identify themselves as artists, the most prestigious status and also as craftsmen, the most noble one. For me, they share the same soul and this is what I have tried to convey in these portraits, the mutual respect for a labour of love. To my fellows-in-arms," Chirstophe Delory
Conference #182 IEAoLu by Edhem Eldem, 60mn
Vidéo | Lectures
In recent years, Turkey has been dominated by a very clear trend towards the political and ideological hardening of the governing party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP), under the authority of its founder and leader, president Erdoğan. For many, this represents an authoritarian shift which is fueled by nationalism and Islamism, coupled with populism and majoritarianism. For historians, the challenge is not so much to describe and analyse a system that is still in its infancy, but rather to examine the existence (or lack) of permanency that could explain the emergence of this regime. Does Erdoğan represent a break with a political tradition which seemed to be moving towards a greater liberalization, or is he merely a kind of epiphenomenon, driven by an age-old movement which links him to Kemalist or Young Turk traditions, or even older movements, going as far back as the reign of Abdülhamid II?
Conference #181 by Eberhard Kienle, january 23rd, 2018, 55mn
Vidéo | Lectures
Eberhard Kienle is research director at the CNRS in the field of sociology and political economy in the Middle East. He also was director of the French Institute of the Middle East between 2013-2017. His lecture will be held in the Simone Weil Amphitheater and is titled "The resilience of the failing State". The recent political developments in the Middle East are reminiscent of the fragility of states once considered stable, consolidated and even strong. According to the dominant narrative, the trajectory of Syria and Iraq is marked by their disintegration which, in the end, should result in their disappearance. Without denying the centrifugal dynamics, this intervention explores the factors that provide "failed states" with residual resilience and thus confirm the failings of an already contested concept.