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Interview Jacques Fournier
Vidéo | Interviews
Entretien avec Jacques Fournier Interview de Jacques Fournier (Conseil d'Etat), dans le cadre du colloque " Les métamorphoses des relations Etat/Entreprise " sur le thème : " Entre l'Etat et l'Entreprise, quel avenir pour le service public ? " "L’Entreprise contre l’Etat ?" de Pierre Musso Dans le cadre de sa résidence à l’Institut en tant que membre associé, Pierre MUSSO a mené un premier cycle d’un séminaire pluriannuel d’un groupe de réflexion qui s’est réuni à plusieurs reprises à Nantes et à Paris autour des métamorphoses relations de l’Etat et de l’Entreprise. Cette publication qui sortira le 21 septembre prochain aux éditions Manucius est issu d’un séminaire et d’un colloque public qui s’est déroulé les 7 et 8 décembre 2016. Résumé de l’ouvrage: Les relations de l’Etat et de l’Entreprise se métamorphosent. Considérer sur le long terme et d’un point de vue anthropologique, comme une institution, l’Entreprise semble imposer sa vision et sa normativité managériale à l’Etat.Elle domine l’économie et l’innovation technologique et étend son emprise dans les domaines culturel et politique. «L’Entreprise pense, l’Etat dé-pense », pourrait-on résumer. En France, l’Etat semble sacralisé, même s’il tend à s’affaiblir, et la grande Entreprise est plutôt l’objet de critiques ou de passions contrastées alors qu’elle tend à se renforcer à l’échelle mondiale. L’Etat et l’Entreprise sont producteurs de cultures, de signes, de rites, de symboles, de concepts et de représentations sociales. D’un côté, l’Etat a des missions étendues et incarne « l’intérêt général », le service public, la nation ou la justice, de l’autre l’Entreprise défend l’efficacité, le profit et la production de biens et services. Mais l’entreprise est-elle même une institution ou une organisation, ou tout simplement l’exercice d’une liberté, celle d’entreprendre ? C’est à ces problématiques que et ouvrage élaboré dans le cadre des séminaires de l’Institut d’études avancées de Nantes, par un collectif de chercheurs de diverses disciplines, des responsables d’entreprises privées ou publiques et des hauts fonctionnaires, tente de répondre. Ouvrage conçu sous la direction de Pierre Musso avec la participation de Marc Chopplet, Pascal Daloz, Corine Eyraud, Pascal Feillard, Jacques Fournier, Jean-Christophe Gracia, Samuel Jubé, Thibault Le Texier, Romain Laufer, Pierre Musso, Jean Peyrelevade, Baptiste Rappin, Claude Riveline, Jean-Philippe Robé, Alain Supiot, Arnaud Teyssier et Michel Volle.
Interview #107 Claus Halberg
Vidéo | Interviews
Research Project :"Phenomenology, Naturalism and Normativity" The project addresses the problem of normativity as it has recently taken shape in contemporary philosophy. This problem concerns how to make sense of the nature and status of normative concepts, vocabulary or discourse vis à vis the descriptive and explanatory vocabularies endorsed by the natural sciences. On a deeper level, it is a matter of accounting for the source of the normative constraints that constitute certain mental events and behaviours as “thoughts” and “actions.” The project approaches this problem by bringing into play a trio of Western philosophical traditions that are only rarely considered together. The first is the phenomenological tradition, such as it was inaugurated by Husserl, characterized by its methodological privileging of the 1st person perspective and the imperative of investigating issues in terms of “lived experience,” i.e., the life-world of human persons. The second tradition invoked is the pragmatic naturalism associated with figures such as Robert Brandom and Huw Price, characterized by a stronger Wittgensteinian emphasis on the grammar of social or discursive practices, understood as life-forms having a natural history. In the process of articulating the tension between these two accounts of normativity, the project will invoke – thirdly – the biological philosophy of Georges Canguilhem, characteristically referring the force of normativity back to the “vital norms” that become manifest on occasion of their violation in and through pathology. The working hypothesis of the project is that Canguilhem’s concept of biological normativity might be able to address the pitfalls of the other two perspectives: On the one hand, the inflated conception of subjectivity as personhood in phenomenology, which makes it difficult for phenomenology to co-exist with natural science short of a reduction of the latter to a mere “abstraction” or “distortion” of the allegedly fundamental “personalist attitude”; On the other hand, the deflation of subjectivity in pragmatic naturalism’s overemphasis on discursive practices, which would seem equally to consign its concept of normativity to a narrow and naturalistically unwarranted anthropocentrism. Biography Claus Halberg is a philosopher, specializing in phenomenological philosophy, feminist theory and gender studies. He obtained his doctoral degree from the University of Bergen, Norway, in 2013, with a dissertation on the gendered rhetoric of Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy of nature. He has taught seasonally at the Philosophy Department and at the Gender Studies program, the University of Bergen, while presenting and publishing nationally and internationally as an independent scholar. Following the conclusion of his fellowship at IEA de Nantes, he will commence a three-year Marie Sklodowska Curie Actions individual global fellowship, to be conducted in part as a visiting researcher at Duke University (USA), and in part at the University of Bergen. His research focuses on the relations and tensions between phenomenology, naturalism and feminist theory with regard to the nature of value, normativity and sexual difference.
Interview #7 Christina Ciucu
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Political Zionism and religious anti-Zionism: searching an identity, redefining nation" "Through an analysis of major texts of the religious anti-Zionism - Isaac Breuer, R. Yoel Teitelbaum and R. Chaim Shapira of Munkacs - and several representative texts of political Zionism, by a careful implementation in context and in contrast, I propose to distinguish antagonistic definitions of identity, the way in which these perspectives radically opposed are legitimate and some of their implications in the social and political sphere. This attempt to reconstruct in deconstructing the process of defining identity in the case of two opposing positions follows three axes: I. People versus Nation: a "traditional" definition of the jewish "people" as opposed to the national definition established in the late nineteenth century. II. Religious Messianism versus Jewish State: the fate of this idea extremely complex, as reflected in religious contemporary interpretations, in contrast to its metamorphosis in the Zionist political ideology. III. Holy Land versus Colonialism: the role played by the religious option of "holy land" in the discourse of political Zionism, contrasting with the anticolonial discourse - that meets the contemporary postcolonial discourse - of religious Zionism. "
Interview #105 Anne Dubos
Vidéo |
Research Project : « Phantom of the graphic form; towards an archeology of gesture » The study of Indian theatre history highlights the variety in the actor’s body techniques. Based on the analysis of concrete cases of performance, Anne Dubos’ research project aims to measure the transformation of gesture through time and space. To challenge both epistemological and technological advancement, she plans to design several trans-media installations that will combine traditional performance and digital arts. The ultimate goal of the project is to design interactive tools where knowledge is closely associated to body performance. As a direct consequence, the archive of technical gesture will question heritage conservation policies. Beyond the design of a graphical analysis method, her research will aim at creating new archiving tools for social sciences. Biography Anne Dubos is an anthropologist and a transmedia artist. She conducts a double research project between social anthropology and performing arts. In 2013, she obtained a PhD from Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) on the gesture transmission in contemporary theater in Kerala (South India). After Marcel Mauss (1963), Adam Kendon (1997), and Marcel Jousse (1974), the objective of her research is to question how gesture can be defined and transmitted. Both as a visual artist and a researcher she writes and directs performances and art installations in search for new theoretical paradigms. Between theory and practice, her aim is to understand creation process. From the morphogenetic analysis of a gesture in performance (that is, either on stage or in a rehearsal context) to a global understanding of body culture movement, her work aims to show that gesture could be perceived as a form that follows the transformation theory (D’Arcy Thompson: 1917). She therefore works at developing a “morphogenetic theatre theory”, where motion capture helps to show the modification of the shape of the body in time and space. Moreover, based on the assertion that there is an “ecology of practice” of the gesture (Bateson: 1983), her work includes the notion of “drama-diversity”. As such, she argues that there are necessary factors that allow the growth of a form and, consequently, she tends to generate maps of body movement. She has founded a multidisciplinary group : the Little Heart Movement, composed by dancers, theatre artists, martial artists, geographers, digital artists and software engineers, biomecanicians, anthropologists, philosophers, psychologists. They help her capture body movement and map it in 3 or 4 dimensions. Her research aims at revealing new theories of gesture transmission.
Interview #6 Charles-Didier Gondola
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : " Tropical Cowboys : Youth, Popular Culture and Masculinity in Colonial Kinshasa " In the 1950s, a certain idea of the (American) "West" swept across Kinshasa’s African townships like wild fire. It influenced youth socialization, the construction of masculinities, the emergence of popular cultures, and even political developments in Congo. During the tumultuous decade of Congo’s decolonization, several bands of youth, which called themselves Bills (as in Buffalo Bill, their eponymous hero), formed in most townships in Kinshasa, especially in the far-flung fringes of the sprawling capital. They had one thing in common, their fascination with the cowboy movie genre, which had become the main staples in makeshift movie parlors across Kinshasa’s townships. Classic scenes of Indian attacks, turf battles among frontiersmen, ribald repartees, bawdy jokes, rambunctious female characters who nonetheless fall prey to lewd men, stories of betrayal and bravados, villains and heroes battling it out in the lawless frontier; those were some of the scenes that brewed indiscipline in the minds of those young viewers and prompted them to reenact in the tropics the hustle and bustle of the American West. One of my main objectives with this project is to demonstrate that the study of popular cultures can illuminate how systemic social changes take place, how mass cultures are invested with a political capital, and how they can ultimately be co-opted by the state to help maintain the political and social status quo. My project is also rooted on the theoretical assumptions that masculinity is a social, normative, and multifarious construct that has enabled societies to create and police the boundaries between different gendered and generational spaces.
Interview #5 Brian Langille
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Is Labour Law Possible?" "Labour law is made possible by, and depends upon, a self-constituting narrative which describes its empirical domain, identifies its conceptual building blocks, and provides a normative account of its significance. Labour Law’s long dominant narrative is well known to be under siege. Many scholars have documented the demise of its empirical/conceptual underpinnings - the decline of the standard model of employment, and so on. But few have identified, let alone taken on, the other task at hand - that of understanding the traditional accounts normative structure and wondering whether a new normative account exists or can be called into being. This research project exposes and explores this normative vein. It draws on the work of Amartya Sen, and his account of the concept of "human freedom" as a source of inspiration. The aim is to identify and explicate labour law’s already implicit new account of itself. This entails, among other things, a reconsideration of whether labour law can be "visited" upon the world, particularly the "developing world" by, for example, the ILO." Biographical elements: Brian Langille is Professor of Law in the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto. Professor Langille also holds appointments in the Centre for International Relations and the Centre for Industrial Relations, and is a Fellow of the Centre for Ethics, all at the University of Toronto. A former Associate Dean of Graduate Studies as well as Interim and Acting Dean of the Law Faculty, Professor Langille has also served as a Governor of University of Toronto. Professor Langille studied philosophy at Acadia University and law at Dalhousie and Oxford Universities. Prior to his appointment at Toronto he was a Professor at Dalhousie Law School. Recently he has been a Visiting Fellow at the International Institute for Labour Studies (ILO, Geneva), the Graduate Institute for International Studies of the University of Geneva, the European University Institute in Florence, the Centre for Transnational Legal Studies in London, Dalhousie Law School in Halifax, and at the Law Faculty of the Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona.
Interview #4 Bin Li
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "The contribution of Chinese law to the synergy between human rights and trade law in the context of the internationalization of law: research under the protection of property rights" The enactment of the Property Act 2007 is an important event in the construction of the Chinese legal system. The acceptance of international legal instruments to guarantee foreign investments, and to protect intellectual property rights is prior to the formation of internal law on ownership. The development of the implementation of constitutional and statutory guaranties through the integration of international economic standards, but also human rights standards, would lead to dismantling the compartmentalization between trade and human rights. Starting from a spirit of synergy between trade law and law of human rights, and between domestic law and international law, the research aims to explore the dynamics of law and the contribution of Chinese law in this process of harmonization of law which is based on shared values.
Interview #3 Ana-Maria Zahariade
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "Tribute to Vitruvius: Inquiry on the Aesthetic Heritage in the Theory of Architecture" "The project has taken shape from two directions. On the one hand, it is related to a larger research on the beautiful ("the aesthetic layer") in the theory of architecture, for which De Architectura Libri Decem represents an unavoidable reference point. On the other hand, this later study acquired a relative autonomy of its own. The more I studied the treatises of architecture, the more consuming became the idea that Vitruvius’ books were misread or misinterpreted to a large extent. Vitruvius ideas concerning the architectural beauty seem to be richer and more flexible than it is usually thought. After many re-readings of the text, the "tribute" I would pay to Vitruvius is an attempt to "see through his eyes" and provide a new interpretation of his books. My approach is particularly focused on the ambiguities of the text and on the many aspects that the succeeding treatises eluded (for reasons to be analyzed from various points of view). Thus, the two researches would permeate each other fruitfully."
Interview #2 Alonso Barros
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : “Hidden properties: people, death and legal masks in South America” “Albert Camus famously stated that “property is death”: I wish to explore and write about the accountabilities of death in terms of property, as produced by legally codified French and Chilean governments during the 19th Century, in the context of different South American wars and post-war contentions, reparations and compensations, as undertaken on behalf of French and other European nationals. I seek to understand and explain the working chromatography of inequality in Latin America as displayed in the discourses on property, especially when they refer to processes of (post)colonial racializations - still effectively displayed through national media in all of the countries involved, to the extremity of war. This links to present times of international boundary strife and shared xenophobia in the southern cone.”
Interview #1 Ahmed ben Naoum
Vidéo | Interviews
Research project : "The imaginary institution of society in North-West Africa: the voices of women and about women at the heart of establishing symbolic systems." The construction of the objects for this research concerns one of the major issues of the institution of Islamic societies since the Middle Ages to Present Times: "at the heart of societies" (M. Sahlins), is not the status of woman or women but of symbolic systems which found, justify and establish the relationships between women and men. Societies structured in and through difference, domination and inequality, own their very existence and reproduction to power and strength (P. Clastres and L. Marino), but also to resistance, circumvention, shunning and reversal of the power and strength against their source. Narratives (myths, stories, epic poems and hagiographic tales) that are the raw material for analysis, can be worked to identify formal logic or internal consistency. This work will be done only as a step toward the proper socio-anthropological analysis. The latter - whose source is the life of the researcher and "immersion" in the social groups who receive him periodically, but irregularly and for at least three decades - is developed in the constant concern to link the lively speech of women and men about their reciprocal relations. It was then that the unsuspected importance of the relation to the body itself and to kinesics, to the appropriation of space and to the trial of domestic and societal territorialization. The assumed inaudible voice of women is, on the contrary, deafening: structuring space and time, the reproduction of society, as well as rituals and economic and politic rhythms, it orders the differences and inequalities and maintains a constant symbolic tension between, on one hand, the powers exercised on women and subjecting them and secondly the forces of opposition of the women reducing domination or making it implode. My work is both a critique of theories of unilateral domination of women by men and a construction of new questions based on the analysis of original oral ‘texts’ of women and on women.