Demography, National Research University – Higher School of Economics, Russia

Fellowship : October 2018 to June 2019

Discipline(s) : Demography

Pays : Russia

Research project: The Revival of Pronatalist Family Policy in 21st century Russia: A Return to the Past, or a New Social Constructivism Practice?

His study is the multi-disciplinary approach of a demographer capable of combining historical and sociological approaches to the study of public policy with quantitative analysis of the processes of family formation, family planning and childbearing in different periods. Demographic analysis, for estimating changes in period and cohort fertility indicators, is used to determine the actual results of pronatalist policies undertaken earlier in Russia, and in other countries. The historical comparison of policy instruments in Putin’s Russia with other historical examples are important for understanding the essence of the political regime that is on the way of construction in Russia. Over the last decade, Russian state intervention in private life has greatly increased, with top down efforts to control demography, industry, labor, culture, society and the family. Post-Communist Russia is attempting to re-patriarchalize gender and family through a number of state initiatives closely connected to nationalist goals. He examines the historical roots of the modern demographic and family policy in Russia in the wider international context in order to find the satisfactory conceptual account of the conservative twist in recent policy.


Sergei V. ZAKHAROV is Deputy Director, Institute of Demography (IDEM) and Professor of Demography at the National Research University ‘Higher School of Economics’ (HSE) in Moscow. He obtained his Ph.D. from the Institute for Socioeconomic Studies of Population of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1991. In 1991-1992 he was awarded a nine-month fellowship ’Bourse Diderot’ from the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (France) to be a Visiting Scholar at Institut national d’études démographiques (Paris). In 2012 he worked as invited Researcher at the Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University (Japan). His fields of research include demographic transition, demography of Russian generations, population projections, family formation and fertility, family policy and demographic consequences of social crises. His teaching experiences embrace courses of ‘Principals of Demography and Population Policy’, ‘Demographic Analysis of Fertility, Family Formation and Partnership Relations’ (Bachelor and Master programmes). He is a member of the Editorial Board of Demographic Review, the scientific peer-reviewed electronic journal, and Demoscope-Weekly, the HSE Internet periodical. Dr. Zakharov is a member of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP), the European Association for Population Studies (EAPS), and Population Association of America (PAA), and for many years he has been involved as an international expert in various projects coordinated by UN DESA, UNFPA, UNDP, UNECE, and EU in Russia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, France, Estonia. Since 2000 he is the scientific director of the Russian part of the international project of comparative studies within the framework of the UNECE program "Generations and Gender". He is the author of over 190 publications in Russian, English, and French.

Major publications

IVANOV, Sergei, VICHNEVSKI Anatole, ZAKHAROV, Serge. La politique démographique de la Russie. In: G. Caselli, J.Vallin, G.Wunsh (eds.). Démographie: analyse et synthèse. Vol. VII. Histoire des idées et politiques de population. Paris: INED, 2006,pp.747-796.

ZAKHAROV, Sergei. Russian Federation: From the first to second demographic transition //Demographic Research. Vol. 19. 2008, pp. 907-972. (Special Collection 7: Childbearing Trends and Policies in Europe. Article 24).

SIEVERT, Stephan ZAKHAROV, Sergey, KLINGHOLZ, Reiner. The Waning World Power. The demographic future of Russia and other Soviet successor states. Berlin: Berlin Institute for Population and Development, 2011, 148p.

FREJKA Tomas, ZAKHAROV Sergei. The Apparent Failure of Russia’s Pronatalist Family Policy //Population and Development Review. Vol. 39(4). 2013, pp. 635-647.

ZAKHAROV Sergei V. La fécondité en Russie en période de politique nataliste. In: Russie 2016. Regards de l’Observatoire franco-russe. Sous la direction d’Arnaud Dubien. Quatrième Édition du Rapport Annuel. Moscou-Paris: Centre d’Analyse de la Chambre de Commerce et d’Industrie Franco-Russie, 2016, pp. 323-328.

ZAKHAROV Sergei. The modest demographic results of pronatalist policy against the background of the long-term evolution of fertility in Russia //Demographic Review. English Selection. 2016, pp. 4-46.